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黑豹党

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黑豹党
Black Panther Party
领袖休伊·牛顿
成立1966年 (1966)
解散1982年 (1982)
意识形态毛主义
反资本主义
反法西斯主义
反帝国主义
马克思列宁主义
革命社会主义
黑人民族主义英语Black nationalism(早期)
政治立场左翼
官方色彩黑色
美国政治
政党 · 选举

黑豹党(英语:Black Panther Party,缩写为BPP)存在于1966年-1982年[1],由非裔美国人组成的黑人民族主义和社会主义政党[2][3],其宗旨主要为促进美国黑人的民权,另外他们也主张黑人应该有更为积极的正当防卫权利,即使使用武力也是合理的。黑豹党唯一的海外支部在阿尔及利亚,存在于1969年-1972年。

参见

参考文献

  1. ^ Meghelli, Samir, "From Harlem to Algiers: Transnational Solidarities Between the African American Freedom Movement and Algeria, 1962-1978", Marable, Manning (编), Black Routes to Islam, Palgrave Macmillan: 99–119., 2009 
  2. ^ Joseph, Peniel. Waiting 'Til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America. Henry Holt. 2006: 219. 
  3. ^ Van Deburg, William L. New Day in Babylon: The Black Power Movement and American Culture, 1965-1975. University of Chicago Press. 1992: 155. 

参考书目

  • Austin, Curtis J. (2006). Up Against the Wall: Violence in the Making and Unmaking of the Black Panther Party. University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 1-55728-827-5
  • Alkebulan, Paul. Survival Pending Revolution: The History of the Black Panther Party (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2007)
  • Barker, Thomas. Black and White: The Liberal Media and the Ideology of Black Victimhood. CounterPunch, February 13, 2015. http://www.counterpunch.org/2015/02/13/the-liberal-media-and-the-ideology-of-black-victimhood/(页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆
  • Blackmon, Janiece L. I Am Because We Are: Africana Womanism as a Vehicle of Empowerment and Influence. Blacksburg: Virginia Polytechnic Institute. 2008. 
  • Bloom, Joshua; Martin, Jr., Waldo E. Black against Empire: The History and Politics of the Black Panther Party. University of California Press. 2012: 315. ISBN 9780520953543. 
  • Brown, Elaine. A Taste of Power: A Black Woman's Story. Anchor. 1993. ISBN 0-679-41944-6. 
  • Churchill, Ward and Vander Wall, Jim (1988). Agents of Repression: The FBI's Secret War Against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement. South End Press. ISBN 0-89608-294-6
  • Dooley, Brian (1998). Black and Green: The Fight for Civil Rights in Northern Ireland and Black America. Pluto Press.
  • Forbes, Flores A. (2006). Will You Die With Me? My Life and the Black Panther Party. Atria Books. ISBN 0-7434-8266-2
  • Hilliard, David, and Cole, Lewis (1993). This Side of Glory: The Autobiography of David Hilliard and the Story of the Black Panther Party. Little, Brown and Co. ISBN 0-316-36421-5
  • Lewis, John (1998). Walking with the Wind. Simon and Schuster, p. 353. ISBN 0-684-81065-4
  • Murch, Donna. Living for the City: Migration, Education, and the Rise of the Black Panther Party in Oakland, California, University of North Carolina, 2010. ISBN 978-0-8078-7113-3
  • Pearson, Hugh (1994), The Shadow of the Panther: Huey Newton and the Price of Black Power in America, De Capo Press. ISBN 0-201-48341-6
  • Rhodes, Jane. Framing the Black Panthers: The Spectacular Rise of a Black Power Icon (New York: The New Press, 2007).
  • Shames, Stephen. "The Black Panthers," Aperture, 2006. A photographic essay of the organization, allegedly suppressed due to Spiro Agnew's intervention in 1970.
  • Swirski, Peter. "1960s The Return of the Black Panther: Irving Wallace's The Man." Ars Americana Ars Politica. Montreal, London: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-7735-3766-8
  • Williams, Yohuru and Lazerow, Jama (eds), In Search of the Black Panther Party: New Perspectives on a Revolutionary Movement, Duke University Press, 2006. ISBN 978-0-8223-3890-1

外部链接

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黑豹党
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