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齐景公

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齐景公
前548年—前490年
政权 齐国
君主 齐景公
历时 58年
齐景公在位年在《春秋》经时代的位置

齐景公(?-前490年),姓,名杵臼齐后庄公的异母弟,在位时有名相晏婴辅政。史书记载他“好治宫室,聚狗马,奢侈,厚赋重刑”(《史记·齐世家》),《论语·季氏篇》记“齐景公有马千驷,死之日,民无德而称焉”。喜欢打猎,箭法却不高明,晏子劝谏他,齐景公能纳谏[1],在位58年,国内治安相对稳定。

齐景公曾养了三名勇士,即公孙接、田开疆、古冶子。晏婴因为三士无礼而向齐景公谗言翦除之,于是准备两个桃子给三位壮士吃,结果三人相争,每个都认为自己功劳都很大,最后三名勇士全都惭愧自杀,这是“一朝被谗言,二桃杀三士”的典故。

曾问政于孔子,孔子对曰:“君君;臣臣;父父;子子。”

鲁公子慭之女重为夫人,子有燕姬子公子嘉公子驹公子黔晏孺子公子鉏齐悼公等。燕姬子早亡,故齐景公身后无嫡子,临终又废长立幼立晏孺子为继承人,为诸子争位埋下祸根。

影视作品

参见

前任:
齐后庄公
齐国君主
前548年—前490年
继任:
齐晏孺子
  1. ^ 《韩非子·难二》景公过晏子,曰:“子宫小,近市,请徙子家豫章之圃。”晏子再拜而辞曰:“且婴家贫,待市食,而朝暮趋之,不可以远。”景公笑曰:“子家习市,识贵贱乎?”是时景公繁于刑。晏子对曰:“踊贵而屦贱。”景公曰:“何故?”对曰:“刑多也。”景公造然变色曰:“寡人其暴乎!”于是损刑五。 或曰:晏子之贵踊,非其诚也,欲便辞以止多刑也。此不察治之患也。夫刑当无多,不当无少。无以不当闻,而以太多说,无术之患也。败军之诛以千百数,犹北不止;即治乱之刑如恐不胜,而奸尚不尽。今晏子不察其当否,而以太多为说,不亦妄乎?夫惜草茅者耗禾穗,惠盗贼者伤良民。今缓刑罚,行宽惠,是利奸邪而害善人也,此非所以为治也。
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齐景公
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