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齿龈边近音

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齿龈边近音
l
IPA编号 155
编码
HTML码(十进制) l
Unicode码(十六进制) U+006C
X-SAMPA音标 l
ASCII音标英语Kirshenbaum l
IPA盲文英语IPA Braille
音频范例
齿龈后边近音
齿边近音

齿龈边音(alveolar lateral approximant、dental, alveolar and postalveolar lateral approximants)是辅音的一种,用于一些口语中。齿龈边音、齿边音、和齿龈后边音在国际音标的符号都是l,X-SAMPA音标的符号则是l

齿龈边音基本上是一种浊音浊齿龈边近音)。清齿龈边近音[l̥]藏缅语族很常见,但其他地区极罕见。这一种清齿龈边近音跟浊齿龈边近音对立,发音方式差别在于发音的中途。并没有一种语言以本音跟清齿龈边擦音 [ɬ]相对立。

特征

齿龈边音的特征:

此音见于汉语

普通话中有此音,出现在字首,拼音以l表示,即注音符号ㄌ。

粤语中亦有此音,亦是出现在字首。留意许多有懒音的粤语使用者有时无法正确分辨字首的辅音[n]和[l],当遇上较难读的[n]时会以[l]取代。


大部分用拉丁字母的语言都是以字母l来代表。如英语中的lip、last;法语的immeuble、anglais等。

此音见于其他语言

韩语中,收尾音'ㄹ'、'ㄴ'紧接之后的子音'ㄹ',即为该音。例如:한라산(汉拏山)、골라("挑选"的使役语态)。

日语中的r,虽然常被非母语使用者读成[l](两者相差不算远),但更正确的应为齿龈后边闪音

软颚化齿龈边近音

软颚化齿龈边近音
ɫ
IPA编号 209
编码
HTML码(十进制) l​ˠ
Unicode码(十六进制) U+006C U+02E0
X-SAMPA音标 5l_Gl_?\
ASCII音标英语Kirshenbaum l<vzd>
音频范例

软颚化齿龈边近音是齿龈边音的一个变体,其国际音标符号[ɫ]也是由相应的齿龈边音符号[l]中间再加一个波浪线组成。

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齿龈边近音
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