^ 1.01.11.21.31.41.5在许多拥有舌尖卷舌音的方言中，a recursive Sandhi process of retroflexion occurs, and clusters of /r/ and dental consonants /rd/, /rl/, /rn/, /rs/, /rt/ produce retroflex consonant realizations: [ɖ], [ɭ], [ɳ], [ʂ], [ʈ]. In dialects with a guttural R, such as Southern and Western Norwegian dialects, they are [ʁd], [ʁl], [ʁn], [ʁs], [ʁt].
^/r/ varies considerably in different dialects: it is alveolar in some dialects and uvular in others.
^ 3.03.13.23.3Before /r/, the quality of non-high front vowels is changed: /eː/ and /e/ lower to [æː] and [æ].
^ 5.05.1The distinction between compressed [ʉ] and protruded [y] is particularly difficult to hear for non-native speakers:
Norwegian compressed [ʉ] sounds very close to German compressed [ʏ] (as in müssen[ˈmʏsn̩]（帮助·关于）).
Norwegian protruded [y] sounds more similar to English unrounded [ɪ] (as in hit) than to German compressed [ʏ], and it is very close to Swedish protruded [ʏ] (as in syll[sʏlː]（帮助·关于）).
^ 6.06.1The distinction between compressed [ʉː] and protruded [yː] is particularly difficult to hear for non-native speakers:
挪威语 compressed [ʉː] sounds very close to German compressed [yː] (as in üben[ˈyːbn̩]（帮助·关于）).
挪威语 protruded [yː] sounds more similar to English unrounded [iː] (as in leave) than to German compressed [yː], and it is very close to Swedish protruded [yː] (as in syl[syːl]（帮助·关于）).
^ 7.07.17.2/ɑi, ei, ɔy/ appear only in loanwords. /ei/ is used only by some younger speakers, who contrast it with /æi/; speakers who do not have /ei/ in their diphthong inventory replace it with /æi/ (Kristoffersen (2000:19)).
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