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KOI-8

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KOI-8КОИ-8)是一系列斯拉夫文字的8位元编码,在俄罗斯乌克兰等斯拉夫语族地区的网络社群中被广泛采用,使用率比起ISO/IEC 8859-5更高。

简介

“KOI-8”俄语原名 Код Обмена Информацией, 8 бит,音译 "Kod Obmena Informatsiey 8 bit",意译“信息交换码,8位元”

KOI-8 不是以西里尔字母的次序排列,而是以“伪拉丁字母次序”(即把西里尔字母改用拉丁字母转写出来)排列。这能使以 KOI-8 编码的文字,纵使在网络传输时丢掉了最高(第8)位元,仍能够变成可以解读的拉丁字母。例如 "Русский Текст" 在丢掉了最高位元后,变成 "rUSSKIJ tEKST"(即 "Russian Text",KOI-8把它大小写颠倒以兹识别)。

KOI-8 有以下几个版本:

每个 KOI-8 版本之中,头半部分 (0x00-0x7F) 与ASCII相同,西里尔字母主要放在 0xC0-0xFF 之中,标点及框线符号主要放在 0x80-0xBF 之中。

KOI8-R 编码

.0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 .A .B .C .D .E .F
8.
2500

2502

250C

2510

2514

2518

251C

2524

252C

2534

253C

2580

2584

2588

258C

2590
9.
2591

2592

2593

2320

25A0

2219

221A

2248

2264

2265
 
A0

2321
°
B0
²
B2
·
B7
÷
F7
A.
2550

2551

2552
ё
451

2553

2554

2555

2556

2557

2558

2559

255A

255B

255C

255D

255E
B.
255F

2560

2561
Ё
401

2562

2563

2564

2565

2566

2567

2568

2569

256A

256B

256C
©
A9
C. ю
44E
а
430
б
431
ц
446
д
434
е
435
ф
444
г
433
х
445
и
438
й
439
к
43A
л
43B
м
43C
н
43D
о
43E
D. п
43F
я
44F
р
440
с
441
т
442
у
443
ж
436
в
432
ь
44C
ы
44B
з
437
ш
448
э
44D
щ
449
ч
447
ъ
44A
E. Ю
42E
А
410
Б
411
Ц
426
Д
414
Е
415
Ф
424
Г
413
Х
425
И
418
Й
419
К
41A
Л
41B
М
41C
Н
41D
О
41E
F. П
41F
Я
42F
Р
420
С
421
Т
422
У
423
Ж
416
В
412
Ь
42C
Ы
42B
З
417
Ш
428
Э
42D
Щ
429
Ч
427
Ъ
42A

KOI8-U 编码

只列出与 KOI8-R 不同的区段
.0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 .A .B .C .D .E .F
A.
2550

2551

2552
ё
451
є
454

2554
і
456
ї
457

2557

2558

2559

255A

255B
ґ
491

255D

255E
B.
255F

2560

2561
Ё
401
Є
404

2563
І
406
Ї
407

2566

2567

2568

2569

256A
Ґ
490

256C
©
A9

KOI8-RU 编码

只列出与 KOI8-R 不同的区段
.0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 .A .B .C .D .E .F
A.
2550

2551

2552
ё
451
є
454

2554
і
456
ї
457

2557

2558

2559

255A

255B
ґ
491
ў
45E

255E
B.
255F

2560

2561
Ё
401
Є
404

2563
І
406
Ї
407

2566

2567

2568

2569

256A
Ґ
490
Ў
40E
©
A9

KOI8-C 编码

只列出与 KOI8-R 不同的区段
.0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 .A .B .C .D .E .F
8. ғ
493
җ
497
қ
49B
ҝ
49D
ң
4A3
ү
4AF
ұ
4B1
ҳ
4B3
ҷ
4B7
ҹ
4B9
һ
4BB

2580
ҝ
49D
ӣ
4E3
ө
4E9
ӯ
4EF
9. Ғ
492
Җ
496
Қ
49A
Ҝ
49C
Ң
4A2
Ү
4AE
Ұ
4B0
Ҳ
4B2
Ҷ
4B6
Ҹ
4B8
Һ
4BA

2321
Ә
4D8
Ӣ
4E2
Ө
4E8
Ӯ
4EE
A.  
A0
ђ
452
ѓ
453
ё
451
є
454
ѕ
455
і
456
ї
457
ј
458
љ
459
њ
45A
ћ
45B
ќ
45C
ґ
491
ў
45E
џ
45F
B.
2116
Ђ
402
Ѓ
403
Ё
401
Є
404
Ѕ
405
І
406
Ї
407
Ј
408
Љ
409
Њ
40A
Ћ
40B
Ќ
40C
Ґ
490
Ў
40E
Џ
40F

KOI8-T 编码

只列出与 KOI8-R 不同的区段
.0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 .A .B .C .D .E .F
8. қ
49B
ғ
493

201A
Ғ
492

201E

2026

2020

2021
 
2030
ҳ
4B3

2039
Ҳ
4B2
ҷ
4B7
Ҷ
4B6
 
9. Қ
49A

2018

2019

201C

201D
·
2022

2013

2014
 
2122
 
203A
       
A.   ӯ
4EF
Ӯ
4EE
ё
451
¤
A4
ӣ
4E3
¦
A6
§
A7
      «
AB
¬
AC
­
AD
®
AE
 
B. °
B0
±
B1
²
B2
Ё
401
  Ӣ
4E2

B6
·
B7
 
2116
  »
BB
      ©
A9

KOI8-O, KOI8-C (the Slav, old orthography)

.0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 .A .B .C .D .E .F
8. Ђ
402
Ѓ
403
¸
B8
ѓ
453

201E

2026

2020
§
A7

20AC
¨
A8
Љ
409

2039
Њ
40A
Ќ
40C
Ћ
40B
Џ
40F
9. ђ
452

2018

2019

201C

201D
·
2022

2013

2014
£
A3
·
B7
љ
459

203A
њ
45A
ќ
45C
ћ
45B
џ
45F
A.  
A0
ѵ
475
ѣ
463
ё
451
є
454
ѕ
455
і
456
ї
457
ј
458
®
AE

2122
«
AB
ѳ
473
ґ
491
ў
45E
´
B4
B. °
B0
Ѵ
474
Ѣ
462
Ё
401
Є
404
Ѕ
405
І
406
Ї
407
Ј
408

2116
¢
A2
»
BB
Ѳ
472
Ґ
490
Ў
40E
©
A9

ISO-IR-111, koi8-e 编码

.0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 .A .B .C .D .E .F
A.  
A0
ђ
452
ѓ
453
ё
451
є
454
ѕ
455
і
456
ї
457
ј
458
љ
459
њ
45A
ћ
45B
ќ
45C
­
AD
ў
45E
џ
45F
B.
2116
Ђ
402
Ѓ
403
Ё
401
Є
404
Ѕ
405
І
406
Ї
407
Ј
408
Љ
409
Њ
40A
Ћ
40B
Ќ
40C
¤
A4
Ў
40E
Џ
40F

KOI8-Unified, koi8-f 编码

.0 .1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9 .A .B .C .D .E .F
8.
2500

2502

250C

2510

2514

2518

251C

2524

252C

2534

253C

2580

2584

2588

258C

2590
9.
2591

2018

2019

201C

201D
·
2022

2013

2014
©
A9

2122
 
A0
»
BB
®
AE
«
AB
·
B7
¤
A4
A.  
A0
ђ
452
ѓ
453
ё
451
є
454
ѕ
455
і
456
ї
457
ј
458
љ
459
њ
45A
ћ
45B
ќ
45C
ґ
491
ў
45E
џ
45F
B.
2116
Ђ
402
Ѓ
403
Ё
401
Є
404
Ѕ
405
І
406
Ї
407
Ј
408
Љ
409
Њ
40A
Ћ
40B
Ќ
40C
Ґ
490
Ў
40E
Џ
40F

参看

外部链接

{{bottomLinkPreText}} {{bottomLinkText}}
KOI-8
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