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Mac Pro

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Mac Pro
2019年版本Mac Pro
研发商苹果公司(Apple Inc.)
类型工作站服务器
发布日期2006年8月7日 (2006-08-07)(第一代)
2013年9月19日 (2013-09-19)(第二代)
2019年6月3日 (2019-06-03)(第三代)
单价$2499
中央处理器Intel Xeon W(当前)
Intel Xeon "Woodcrest"(首发)
网站www.apple.com/mac-pro/

Mac Pro苹果公司推出的高端台式机系列产品,搭载英特尔(Intel)Xeon CPU以及PCI Express总线架构。

概要

苹果电脑公司在2006年8月7日的全球研发者大会(WWDC)上发表了这台电脑。它是接替Power Macintosh的系列产品,与Xserve同为最后移至Intel x86平台的苹果电脑产品系列[1]。其制机壳与Power Mac G5的几乎相同,但扩展了光盘驱动器的插槽,以及前后重新排列设计的I/O连接端口。不像其他的麦金塔系列产品,Mac Pro并没有内置可接收Apple Remote信号的红外线设备。

以2006年的标准衡量,Mac Pro是高端机种,拥有两个中央处理器(总共4颗核心)、4个硬盘位置以及8个存储器RAM)插槽。Mac Pro的主力规格应该是定在搭载2.66GHz处理器的中端机种。在过去,苹果电脑公司常会使用“起始于…”(starting at)或“从…”(from)来说明基本电脑款式的价格,但是这次在苹果电脑商店(Apple Store)中,价格的标示为“Mac Pro at $2,799”,这是中端规格的价格。但透过自行选择Mac Pro的零件,最基本机种从$2299起跳,较为接近以往的双核心G5机型的价钱,但是相对的也提供了更强大的运算能力。

Mac Pro的其中一项特色在于不需要任何工具即可拆引导壳进行扩展(螺丝起子仅是备用,以防万一),而硬盘的安装也是使用滑入的方式,同样也不须任何工具。

苹果已于2013年6月10日的WWDC上发表第二代的Mac Pro,外形与以往产品不同,呈黑色圆筒状,并于同年12月开始销售。[2]新一代Mac Pro采用AMD FirePro而不是NVIDIA Quadro是因为前者的OpenCL运算能力较佳,这项技术正是由苹果公司开发。[3]这代Mac Pro主要由伟创力在美国德州奥斯丁的自动化生产线所组装,为相隔十多年后重回美国组装之苹果公司电脑产品[4]

2017年推出iMac Pro属台式一体机产品,并不属于严格意义上的Mac Pro产品线。

2019年6月3日,苹果在WWDC 2019大会上推出第三代的Mac Pro,采用了不同于上一代的矩形体块设计,极度强调易拆卸和模块化,正面和背面开设有大量令人印象深刻的散热孔矩阵。该代机型最高支持28核英特尔Xeon处理器、1.5TB内存和4TB固态硬盘,并提供大量扩展接口。除了直立式版本,苹果公司也推出可锁在19吋标准机架、高度5U(22.225公分)的横式版本,可做为服务器算图农场等用途。

规格

第一代

Component Intel Xeon (基于Core (microarchitecture)英语Core microarchitecture) Intel Xeon (基于Nehalem (microarchitecture)英语Nehalem microarchitecture) Intel Xeon (基于Nehalem (microarchitecture)英语Nehalem microarchitecture and Westmere (microarchitecture)英语Westmere microarchitecture)
Model Mid 2006[5] Early 2008[6] Early 2009[7] Mid 2010[8] Mid 2012[9]
Release date August 7, 2006
April 4, 2007 Optional 3.0 GHz Quad-core Xeon "Clovertown"
January 8, 2008 March 3, 2009
December 4, 2009 Optional 3.33 GHz Quad-core Xeon "Bloomfield"
August 9, 2010 June 11, 2012
Model Numbers MA356*/A MA970*/A MB871*/A MB535*/A MC560*/A MC250*/A MC561*/A MD770*/A MD771*/A MD772*/A
Machine Model MacPro1,1
MacPro2,1 Optional 3.0 GHz Quad-core Xeon "Clovertown"
MacPro3,1 MacPro4,1 MacPro5,1 MacPro5,1
EFI Mode EFI32 EFI64
Kernel (computing)英语Kernel Default Mode 32-bit 32-bit in Mac OS X (client), 64-bit in Mac OS X Server 64-bit
Chipset Intel 5000X Intel 5400 Intel X58
Processor Two 2.66 GHz (5150) Dual-core Intel Xeon "Woodcrest"
Optional 2.0 GHz (5130), 2.66 GHz or 3.0 GHz (5160) Dual-core or 3.0 GHz (X5365) Quad-core Intel Xeon "Clovertown"
Two 2.8 GHz (E5462) Quad-Core Intel Xeon "Harpertown"
Optional two 3.0 GHz (E5472) or 3.2 GHz (X5482) Quad-core processors or one 2.8 GHz (E5462) Quad-core processor
One 2.66 GHz (W3520) Quad-Core Intel Xeon "Bloomfield" or two 2.26 GHz (E5520) Quad-core Intel Xeon "Gainestown" with 8 MB of L3 cache
Optional 2.93 GHz (W3540) or 3.33 GHz (W3580) Intel Xeon Quad-core Intel Xeon "Bloomfield" processors or two 2.66 GHz (X5550) or 2.93 GHz (X5570) Quad-core Intel Xeon "Gainestown" processors
One 2.8 GHz Quad-Core "Bloomfield" Intel Xeon (W3530) processor with 8 MB of L3 cache or two 2.4 GHz Quad-Core "Gulftown" Intel Xeon (E5620) processors with 12 MB of L3 cache or two 2.66 GHz 6-core "Gulftown" Intel Xeon (X5650) processors with 12 MB of L3 cache
Optional 3.2 GHz Quad-Core "Bloomfield" (W3565) or 3.33 GHz 6-core "Gulftown" (W3680) Intel Xeon processors or two 2.93 GHz 6-core (X5670) Intel Xeon "Gulftown" processors
One 3.2 GHz Quad-Core "Bloomfield" Intel Xeon (W3565) processor with 8 MB of L3 cache or two 2.4 GHz 6-Core "Westmere-EP" Intel Xeon (E5645) processors with 12 MB of L3 cache
Optional 3.33 GHz 6-Core "Gulftown" (W3680), two 2.66 GHz 6-core "Westmere-EP" (X5650), or two 3.06 GHz 6-core "Westmere-EP" (X5675) Intel Xeon processors
System bus 1333 MHz 1600 MHz 4.8 GT/s(Quad-core models only) or 6.4 GT/s 4.8 GT/s (Quad-core models only), 5.86 GT/s(8-core models only) or 6.4 GT/s 4.8 GT/s (Quad-core models only), 5.86 GT/s(12-core models only) or 6.4 GT/s
Front-side bus QuickPath Interconnect
Memory 1 GB (two 512 MB) of 667 MHz DDR2 ECC fully buffered DIMM
Expandable to 16 GB (Apple), 32 GB (Actual)
2 GB (two 1 GB) of 800 MHz DDR2 ECC fully buffered DIMM
Expandable to 64 GB
3 GB (three 1 GB) for UP quad-core or 6 GB (six 1 GB) for DP 8-core of 1066 MHz DDR3 ECC DIMM
Expandable to 16 GB on Quad-core models (although expandable to 48GB using 3rd party 3×16GB DIMMs), and 32 GB in 8-core models (128 GB using 3rd party 8x16GB DIMMs, OSX 10.9/Windows)
3 GB (three 1 GB) for quad- and 6-core models or 6 GB (six 1 GB) for 8- and 12-core models of 1333 MHz ECC DDR3 SDRAM
Expandable to 48 GB on Quad-core models, and 64 GB in 8- and 12-core models (although expandable to 128GB using 3rd party 8×16GB DIMMs, OSX 10.9/Windows)
6 GB (three 2 GB) for quad- and 6-core models or 12 GB (six 2 GB) for 12-core models of 1333 MHz ECC DDR3 SDRAM
Expandable to 48 GB on Quad- and 6-core models, and 64 GB in 12-core models (although expandable to 128GB using 3rd party 8×16GB DIMMs, OSX 10.9/Windows)
Graphics
Expandable to four graphics cards
nVidia GeForce 7300 GT with 256 MB of GDDR3 SDRAM (single-link and dual-link DVI ports)
Optional ATI Radeon X1900 XT with 512 MB GDDR3 SDRAM (two dual-link DVI ports) or nVidia Quadro FX 4500 with 512 MB GDDR3 SDRAM (stereo 3D and two dual-link DVI ports)
ATI Radeon HD 2600 XT with 256 MB of GDDR3 SDRAM (two dual-link DVI ports)
Optional nVidia GeForce 8800 GT with 512 MB GDDR3 SDRAM (two dual-link DVI ports) or nVidia Quadro FX 5600 1.5 GB (stereo 3D, two dual-link DVI ports)
nVidia GeForce GT 120 with 512 MB of GDDR3 SDRAM (one mini-DisplayPort and one dual-link DVI port)
Optional ATI Radeon HD 4870 with 512 MB of GDDR5 SDRAM (one Mini DisplayPort and one dual-link DVI port)
ATI Radeon HD 5770 with 1 GB of GDDR5 memory (two Mini DisplayPorts and one dual-link DVI port)
Optional ATI Radeon HD 5870 with 1 GB of GDDR5 memory (two Mini DisplayPorts and one dual-link DVI port)
Hard drive
7200-rpm unless specified
250 GB Serial ATA with 8 MB cache
Optional 500 GB with 8 MB cache or 750 GB with 16 MB cache
320 GB Serial ATA with 8 MB cache
Optional 500 GB, 750 GB, or 1 TB Serial ATA with 16 MB cache or 300 GB Serial Attached SCSI, 15,000-rpm with 16 MB cache
640 GB Serial ATA with 16 MB cache
Optional 1 TB or 2 TB Serial ATA drives with 32 MB cache
1 TB Serial ATA with 32 MB cache
Optional 1 TB or 2 TB Serial ATA drives with 32 MB cache or 512 GB Solid State Drives
Optical drive 16× SuperDrive with double-layer support (DVD±R DL/DVD±RW/CD-RW) 18× SuperDrive with double-layer support (DVD±R DL/DVD±RW/CD-RW)
AirPort Extreme Optional 802.11a/b/g and draft-n (n disabled by default) Optional 802.11a/b/g and draft-n (n-enabled) Built-in 802.11a/b/g/n
Maximum Supported Operating System OS X 10.7 "Lion"
(Unofficially, can run OS X 10.8 "Mountain Lion" and 10.9 "Mavericks" with an upgrade to a supported graphics card and EFI64 emulation)[10][11]
OS X 10.11 "El Capitan" macOS 10.14 "Mojave" for models that supports Metal API
macOS 10.13 "High Sierra" for devices without Metal API support

第二代

型号 Late 2013[12]
Component Intel Xeon (Ivy Bridge-EP)
推出日期 2013年12月
Model Numbers A1481
型号识别元 MacPro6,1
EFI EFI64
内核 64位
芯片组 C602J
CPU One 3.7 GHz Quad-Core Intel Xeon (E5-1620 v2) with 10MB L3 cache or one 3.5 GHz 6-Core Intel Xeon (E5-1650 v2) with 12MB L3 cache
Optional one 3.0 GHz 8-Core Intel Xeon (E5-1680 v2) with 25MB L3 cache or one 2.7 GHz 12-Core Intel Xeon (E5-2697 v2) with 30MB L3 cache
系统总线 DMI 2.0 or 2 x 8.0 GT/s (12-core model only)
记亿体 四核心型号:12GB(三条4GB)的1866MHz DDR3 ECC存储器
六核心型号:16GB(四条4GB)的1866MHz DDR3 ECC存储器
四核心型号可订制16GB(四条4GB)、32GB(四条8GB),或64GB(四条16GB);六核心型号可订制32GB(四条 8GB)或64GB(四条16GB)
显卡 四核心型号:双AMD FirePro D300绘图处理器,各配备2GB GDDR5 VRAM
六核心型号:双AMD FirePro D500绘图处理器,各配备3GB GDDR5 VRAM
四核心型号可订制双AMD FirePro D500,各配备3GB GDDR5 VRAM;六核心型号可订制双AMD FirePro D700,各配备6GB GDDR5 VRAM
存储设备 256GB PCIe快闪存储
可订制512GB或1TB
AirPort Extreme Built-in 802.11a/b/g/n/ac (up to 1.3 Gbit/s)
最高支持操作系统 macOS 10.15 "Catalina"

第三代

Specifications

机型 Late 2019[13]
处理器 Intel Xeon W 8, 12, 16, 24, or 28 core
发布日期 Fall 2019
Model numbers
Model identifier MacPro7,1
EFI mode EFI64
Kernel mode 64-bit
Chipset
Processor
  • 3.5 GHz 8-Core Intel Xeon W-3223 with 24.5 MB cache
  • 可选的 Xeon W-3235 3.3 GHz 12 核 12 核,31.2 MB 缓存,Xeon W-3245 3.2 GHz 16 核,38 MB 缓存,Xeon W-3265M 2.7 GHz 24 核,57 MB 缓存,Xeon W-3275M 2.5 GHz 28 核,66.5 MB 缓存
Memory 32GB (four 8 GB)
可扩展到 768 GB(6 个 128 GB DIMM 或 12 64 GB DIMM、8 芯到 16 核),或 Apple 扩展至 1.5 TB(12 128GB DIMM、24 核和 28 核)
DDR4 ECC at 2666 MHz (8-core) or 2933 MHz (12-core to 28-core)
Graphics
  • AMD Radeon Pro 580X with 8GB of GDDR5 memory
  • 可菜单张或两张 Radeon Pro Vega II, 32/64 GB HBM2 存储器 / 单张或两张 Radeon Pro Vega II Duo, 64/128 GB HBM2 存储器
次级存储设备
  • 256 GB flash storage
  • Optional 1 TB, 2 TB or 4 TB flash storage
PCIe SSD, two modules
安全芯片 Apple T2
连接 Built-in Wi-Fi 5 (802.11a/b/g/n/ac), up to 1.3 Gbit/s
10 Gigabit Ethernet
Bluetooth 5.0
周边设备 Thunderbolt 3 (USB-C 3.1 Gen 2) supporting DisplayPort
2× top of case, 2× rear I/O card (all models)
Additional 4× rear (single Vega II/Vega II Duo) or 8× rear (dual Vega II/Vega II Duo)
USB 3.0 Type-A, 2× rear, 1× inside case[14]
HDMI 2.0
(580X, dual Vega II/Vega II Duo)
(single Vega II/Vega II Duo)
SATA ports inside case
Display support 6 * 4K displays, 2 * 5K displays, or 2 * Pro Display XDRs (580X)
6 * 4K displays, 3 * 5K displays, or 2 * Pro Display XDRs (Vega II)
8 * 4K displays, 4 * 5K displays, or 4 * Pro Display XDRs (single Vega II Duo)
12 * 4K displays or 6 * Pro Display XDRs (dual Vega II Duo)
Audio 3.5 mm headphone jack
Built-in mono speaker
Dimensions 20.8 in (52.9 cm) height x 8.6 in (21.8 cm) width x 17.7 in (45 cm) depth
Weight 39.7 lb (18 kg)

数据源

  1. ^ 2006年8月7日全球研发者大会WWDC)上的演示稿。
  2. ^ Apple - Mac Pro
  3. ^ 2013款Mac Pro初步测评. chip hell. [2013-12-23]. 
  4. ^ Cheng, Roger. A US-made Mac Pro is a token gesture - CNET. CNET. CBS Interactive Inc. [November 7, 2014]. 
  5. ^ Mac Pro – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [2009-03-03]. 
  6. ^ Mac Pro (Early 2008) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [2009-03-03]. 
  7. ^ Mac Pro (Early 2009) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [2009-03-03]. 
  8. ^ Mac Pro (Mid 2010) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [2010-07-27]. (原始内容存档于2011-06-08). 
  9. ^ Mac Pro (Mid 2012) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [2012-07-28]. 
  10. ^ Kessler, Topher. OS X Mountain Lion can run on unsupported Intel Mac Pros | MacFixIt - CNET Reviews. Reviews.cnet.com. 2012-07-25 [2012-11-08]. 
  11. ^ 存档副本. [2013-10-29]. (原始内容存档于2013-10-22). 
  12. ^ Mac Pro (Late 2013) – Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [2013-06-10]. 
  13. ^ Mac Pro - Technical Specifications. Apple Inc. [2019-06-06]. 
  14. ^ Apple's new Mac Pro internal components - answers and lingering questions. Apple Insider. 2019-06-04.

外部链接

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