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模板:IPA-az

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阿塞拜疆语发音:[(({1))}]

文档图示 模板文档[查看] [编辑] [历史] [清除缓存]

应用[编辑]

维基百科提供了多个各模板,令条目中使用国际音标IPA)准确标音时更方便。

国际音标字型[编辑]

一般来说,当条目内容出现使用国际音标符号的地方,都应该用((IPA))包围,使浏览器能够转用一些支援国际音标的字型来显示。 若内文有相当部分包含国际音标,一般我们都会在条目顶部用((IPA notice|lang=en))来贴出提示,并且在内文所有需要用到国际音标的地方加上((IPA))来标注。

If there are not enough occurrences to warrant a notice, then consider a template that links to an IPA key for the first instance of the IPA on a page or section.

英文单字[编辑]

For English words, in a broad, non-regional transcription, as when giving the pronunciation of a key word in an article, use templates linking to Help:IPA for English, a chart of the subset of the IPA that is relevant to English:

  • {{IPA-en}}, appearing as: 英语发音:/word/ (also /word/, 英语:/word/, 发音:/word/, as hereafter).
  • {{IPAc-en}}, which automates the conversion to IPA, so that ((IPAc-en|'|w|3r|d)) appears as /ˈwɜːrd/. This provides mouse-over links to the symbols, and is now the preferred template. 请参阅英语SAMPA表来查看英语国际音标对应的键盘字符。

其他语言单字[编辑]

For foreign words that are not assimilated into English, regional pronunciations of English words, and non-standard English dialects, use templates linking to the more general Help:IPA chart, containing all major IPA symbols:

    • {{IPA-all}}, appearing as: 国际发音:[word]. Or:
    • For specific languages, there may be dedicated IPA keys for standardized transcription. There are several options for their display. The first cell includes the ISO code of the language; the second is the transcription; the third keys an introductory phrase; and the fourth is space for a sound file. Using the French word eau [o] as an example, we have the default format:
  • ((IPA-fr|o))法语发音:[o]
Or the word "pronounced" can be used as the introduction:
  • ((IPA-fr|o|pron))发音:[o]
Language name only:
  • ((IPA-fr|o|lang))法语发音:[o]
"IPA" only:
  • ((IPA-fr|o|IPA))国际音标发音:[o]
Link only:
  • ((IPA-fr|o|))[o]
Any of these may be combined with a sound file:
  • ((IPA-fr|o|lang|Fr-eau.ogg))法语发音:[o] 聆听
For the default introductory phrase, however, a placeholder such as “-” is required:
  • ((IPA-fr|o|-|Fr-eau.ogg))法语发音:[o] 聆听

支援语言[编辑]

本系列模板支援以下语言:

支援的语言及对应模板

给其他未支援的语言使用的IPA-all模板[编辑]

Redirects have been created for languages which do not yet have dedicated templates. Transcriptions which use these redirects will link to {{IPA-all}} for the time being; when a language-specific template is created the articles will be linked correctly. For example, you can use ((IPA-jv|word)) for Javanese, but for the moment it will be redirected to ((IPA-all)), producing 国际发音:[word].

Languages and language extensions (IPA-iso) with redirects to IPA-all
  • {{IPA-dedia}} 德语方言
  • {{IPA-dv}} 迪维西语
  • {{IPA-ee}} Gbe (Ewe, Fon)
  • {{IPA-endia}} English dialects
  • {{IPA-enm}} Middle English
  • {{IPA-esdia}} Spanish dialects
  • {{IPA-fo}} Faroese
  • {{IPA-frdia}} French dial. (Canadian, Metis, Norman)
  • {{IPA-fy}} Frisian
  • {{IPA-gn}} Guaraní
  • {{IPA-gsw}} Alemannic (Swiss, Alsatian)
  • {{IPA-gu}} Gujarati
  • {{IPA-ha}} Hausa
  • {{IPA-hak}} Hakka
  • {{IPA-hmn}} Hmong
  • {{IPA-ig}} Igbo
  • {{IPA-ira}} Iranian (Old Persian, Kurdish, Pamir)
  • {{IPA-iro}} Iroquoian (Mohawk, Cherokee)
  • {{IPA-itdia}} Italian dial. (Corsican, Sicilian, Sardinian [also IPA-srd])
  • {{IPA-iu}} Inuit
  • {{IPA-jv}} Javanese
  • {{IPA-ki}} Kikuyu
  • {{IPA-kk}} Kazakh
  • {{IPA-kl}} Greenlandic
  • {{IPA-kn}} Kannada
  • {{IPA-kok}} Konkani
  • {{IPA-kw}} Cornish
  • {{IPA-ky}} Kyrgyz
  • {{IPA-lg}} Ganda
  • {{IPA-lij}} Ligurian (Genoese)
  • {{IPA-lt}} Lithuanian
  • {{IPA-ltc}} Middle Chinese
  • {{IPA-lv}} Latvian
  • {{IPA-mga}} Middle Irish
  • {{IPA-ml}} Malayalam
  • {{IPA-mn}} Mongol
  • {{IPA-mnw}} Mon
  • {{IPA-moh}} Mohawk
  • {{IPA-mos}} Mossi/Gurunsi
  • {{IPA-mr}} Marathi
  • {{IPA-mt}} Maltese
  • {{IPA-mus}} Muskogean (Chickasaw, Creek)
  • {{IPA-myn}} Maya(n)
  • {{IPA-nan}} Minnan/Taiwanese
  • {{IPA-ne}} 尼泊尔语
  • {{IPA-non}} Old Norse
  • {{IPA-ny}} Chewa
  • {{IPA-oax}} Oaxaca (Zapotec, Mixe, Otomi)
  • {{IPA-or}} Oriya
  • {{IPA-pa}} Punjabi
  • {{IPA-pms}} Piedmontese
  • {{IPA-poly}} (other) Polynesian
  • {{IPA-ps}} Pashto
  • {{IPA-qu}} Quecha
  • {{IPA-rm}} Romansh
  • {{IPA-rw}} Rwanda-Rundi
  • {{IPA-ryu}} Okinawan langs
  • {{IPA-sal}} Salish & NW Coast
  • {{IPA-sco}} Scots
  • {{IPA-sd}} Sindhi
  • {{IPA-sei}} Seri
  • {{IPA-sem}} (ancient) Semitic, Egyptian
  • {{IPA-sga}} Old Irish
  • {{IPA-shn}} Shan
  • {{IPA-si}} Sinhala
  • {{IPA-sio}} Siouan (Omaha, Lakota)
  • {{IPA-sl}} Slovene
  • {{IPA-sla}} Slavic (Old Slavic, Silesian, Sorbian)
  • {{IPA-sm}} Samoan
  • {{IPA-sn}} Shona
  • {{IPA-so}} Somali
  • {{IPA-st}} Sotho
  • {{IPA-su}} Sundanese
  • {{IPA-sw}} Swahili
  • {{IPA-syr}} Syriac
  • {{IPA-te}} Telugu
  • {{IPA-tn}} Tswana
  • {{IPA-to}} Tongan
  • {{IPA-tt}} Tatar
  • {{IPA-tyv}} Tuvan
  • {{IPA-ug}} Uyghur
  • {{IPA-uz}} Uzbek
  • {{IPA-wo}} Wolof
  • {{IPA-wuu}} Wu/Shanghainese
  • {{IPA-xh}} Nguni (Zulu, Xhosa, Swazi)
  • {{IPA-xx}} (misc. languages with only a few transcriptions apiece, or unidentified)
  • {{IPA-yo}} Yoruba
  • {{IPA-zu}} Nguni (Zulu, Xhosa, Swazi)

转换为IPA[编辑]

Another type of language-specific template allows you to enter ordinary letters (or conventional ASCII equivalents) from a given language for automatic conversion to phonetic symbols. Those currently available are {{IPAc-ar}} for Arabic, {{IPAc-cmn}} for Mandarin, {{IPAc-en}} for English, {{IPAc-fr}} for French, {{IPAc-ga}} for Irish, {{IPAc-hu}} for Hungarian, {{IPAc-pl}} for Polish and {{IPAc-ja}} for Japanese. For example:

  • ((IPAc-ar|2|a|l|l|u|gh|a|t_|a|l|3|a|r|a|b|i|y|y|a))[ʔalluɣat‿alʕarabijja]
  • ((IPAc-cmn|zh|ong|1|h|ua|2|-|r|en|2|m|in|2|-|g|ong|4|h|e|2|g|uo|2))[tʂʊ́ŋxwǎ ʐə̌nmǐn kʊ̂ŋxɤ̌kwɔ̌]
  • ((IPAc-en|'|s|&|n|d|k|a:|s|@l))/ˈsændkɑːsəl/
  • ((IPAc-fr|j|@|-|s|U|i|s_|a|m|é|r|i|c|ain))[jə sɥi.z‿ameʁikɛ̃]
  • ((IPAc-ga|'|b|ai|l'|@|-|'|á|th|@|-|'|c'|l'|ia|th))[ˈbˠalʲə ˈaːhə ˈclʲiəh]
  • ((IPAc-hu|'|m|a|gy|á|r))[ˈmɒɟaːr]
  • ((IPAc-pl|'|sz|cz|e|ć|i|n))[ˈʂt​͡ʂɛt​͡ɕin]

参看[编辑]

  • {{respell}}, for pronunciation respellings, which may be used for English words in addition to the IPA
  • {{lang-nci-IPA}}, for dual Nahuatl-IPA transcription
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模板:IPA-az
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