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園藝

維基百科,自由的百科全書

園藝
園藝課程
園藝課程

園藝,全稱園林藝術,此詞字面上包括「園」和「藝」,即和園子有關的工作,包括工具、工藝、技術、手藝等。園藝一詞在中文中比較含糊,可以指業餘性的活動,或者嚴格的園藝行業;相對而言,園藝學一詞則有嚴格定義。園藝應包括園地栽培果樹蔬菜觀賞植物的栽培、繁育技術和生產經營方法。大致可分為果樹園藝、蔬菜園藝和觀賞園藝。

定義

園藝一詞在中文日常用語中,指美化功能的小規模植栽活動。

園藝作為英文 horticulture 的對應,則有兩個意思。一是園藝學,包括果樹蔬菜觀賞植物的生產經營。另一個意思指的是小規模的園子中,不用犁或馱獸生產混合糧食作物;在這個定義下,「園藝」常與在大片土地上種植單一作物的「農業」(agriculture)相對應,即使廣義來說農業應該包含園藝。[1]

園藝之功能

園藝之分類

園藝主要分為以下幾大領域

植物病害

植物病害,一般是指細菌真菌病原菌病毒線蟲寄生植物低溫蚜蟲二斑葉蟎(紅蜘蛛)、蛞蝓蝸牛螞蟻鳥類,甚至通常被認為是園林害蟲。[2]

參見

參考來源

引用

  1. ^ Make gardening a habit頁面存檔備份,存於網際網路檔案館). 2020-03-12
  2. ^ 《作物病害與防治》,柯勇 著,藝軒圖書出版社,1998年3月,ISBN 9576164826

書目

外部連結

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園藝
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