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水產業

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水產業(aquatic products industry,或fishery)泛指一切向市場供應水生副食品商業價值產品的企業,是第一產業中的一個大類,同種植業畜牧業一起是食品產業的重要組成部分。水產業主要分負責捕撈野生水產的漁業和人工飼養水產的水產養殖業兩種,以及所有依附於以上兩個產業進行的食品加工提煉分銷供應鏈

水產種類

水產品水產即水生產品,泛指一切來源於水域生態系統消費品,其中主要部分是各類副食產品,比如肉食(主要是魚肉蝦肉)、調料(如魚子醬魚露魚漿)和食品添加劑(如蝦紅素)。此外水生產品還可以用作原料生產明膠藥品(如魚油、各類中藥材)、飼料有機肥魚粉)、裝飾物(如珍珠玳瑁鸚鵡螺)和工業材料生物塑料)等等。

水產業所供應的各類淡水水產和鹹水水產(海水水產,即海產)包括:

一些水生昆蟲,比如龍虱搖蚊幼蟲紅蟲),也被小規模商業養殖,但這通常被算作畜牧業昆蟲養殖,並不劃入水產業的範疇。一些爬行動物,比如鱷類蛇類,雖然也可能自然棲息在水生環境,因為在養殖時經常會旱養,所以通常也不劃入水產。

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水產業
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