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牧童笛

出自維基百科,自由嘅百科全書

唔同種類嘅牧童笛
唔同種類嘅牧童笛

牧童笛(Recorder),有人會叫佢木笛或者直笛,係樂器一種。佢屬於木管樂器,係條直身長管,唔使靠簧來發聲,同哨子差唔多。笛嘴有吹口,笛身有八個窿,另有兩個細窿響尾個兩窿整半音,笛身頭上有個尖板嘅開口。係由口吹氣過笛嘴嘅窄管,窄管嘅氣撞落尖板,令到空氣振盪。笛身窿就用嚟控制音高

牧童笛嘅歷史悠久,依家保存到最耐嘅牧童笛係14世紀。更加古老嘅西洋畫上面有類似嘅笛,不過最早幾時出現重未有定論。牧童笛曾經風行幾個世紀,曾經組成78支笛嘅樂團。去到18世紀先至沒落。直至到成20世紀,同唔少古樂器一樣,俾人搵出來推廣。家下係好流行嘅教學樂器。

古代唔少作曲家會將牧童笛同或牧童拉上關係,所以叫牧童笛。

一般牧童笛指法

音(大調) 巴洛克指法(上至下)
C ●┃●●●┃●●●┃●
C# / D♭ ●┃●●●┃●●●┃◐
D ●┃●●●┃●●●┃○
D# / E♭ ●┃●●●┃●●◐┃○
E ●┃●●●┃●●○┃○
F ●┃●●●┃●○●┃●
F# / G♭ ●┃●●●┃○●●┃○
G ●┃●●●┃○○○┃○
G# / A♭ ●┃●●○┃●●◐┃○
A ●┃●●○┃○○○┃○
A# / B♭ ●┃●○●┃●○○┃○ 或

●┃○●●┃●○○┃○

B ●┃●○○┃○○○┃○ 或

●┃○●●┃○○○┃○

高音C ●┃○●○┃○○○┃○
高音C# / D♭ ○┃●●○┃○○○┃○ 或

●┃○○○┃○○○┃○

高音D ○┃○●○┃○○○┃○
高音D# / E♭ ○┃○●●┃●●●┃○
高音E ◐┃●●●┃●●○┃○
高音F ◐┃●●●┃●○●┃○
高音F# / G♭ ◐┃●●●┃○●○┃○
高音G ◐┃●●●┃○○○┃○
高音G# / A♭ ◐┃●●○┃●○○┃○
高音A ◐┃●●○┃○○○┃○
高音A# / B♭ ◐┃●●○┃●●●┃○
高音B ◐┃●●○┃●●○┃○
超高音C ◐┃●○○┃●●○┃○
超高音C# / D♭ ◐┃●○●┃●○●┃●
超高音D ◐┃●○●┃●○●┃○
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牧童笛
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