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  • 開放系統 (熱力學),系統和外界有能量和質量的交換。
  • 开放系统 (计算机科学),由UNIX和PC系统所组成的产品,它们支持和接收广泛的工业参与。
  • 開放系統 (社會學),指一個與外界交換材料、能源、勞動力、資金及信息的社會結構系統。
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