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Azophi (crater)

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Lunar Orbiter 4 image of Azophi crater
Coordinates22°06′S 12°42′E / 22.1°S 12.7°E / -22.1; 12.7Coordinates: 22°06′S 12°42′E / 22.1°S 12.7°E / -22.1; 12.7
Diameter47 km
Depth3.7 km
Colongitude348° at sunrise
EponymAl Sufi (Azophi)
Lunar Orbiter 4 image of Azophi crater (lower right) and Abenezra crater (upper left)
Lunar Orbiter 4 image of Azophi crater (lower right) and Abenezra crater (upper left)
Oblique photo of Abenezra (right) and Azophi (left) from Apollo 14
Oblique photo of Abenezra (right) and Azophi (left) from Apollo 14

Azophi is a lunar impact crater that lies in the rugged south-central highlands of the Moon. The crater is named after the 10th-century Persian astronomer Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi, also known by his western name, Azophi.[1] The northwest rim is attached to the slightly smaller crater Abenezra, to the east-southeast is the large and irregular Sacrobosco, and to the west-southwest is the slightly crater Playfair.

The wide outer rim of Azophi has a somewhat polygonal shape with rounded corners. The edge is relatively sharp and cleft-like. The rim is not significantly worn or impacted by smaller craters, with the exception of Azophi C, which lies on the inner northeast wall. The interior floor lacks a central peak and is only marked by a few tiny craterlets.

Satellite craters

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Azophi.

Azophi Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 24.4° S 11.2° E 29 km
B 23.6° S 10.6° E 19 km
C 21.8° S 13.1° E 5 km
D 24.3° S 13.4° E 9 km
E 23.5° S 13.8° E 5 km
F 22.2° S 13.9° E 6 km
G 23.9° S 12.3° E 53 km
H 25.5° S 11.8° E 21 km
J 21.2° S 13.1° E 8 km

See also


  1. ^ "Azophi (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
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Azophi (crater)
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