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Conus litteratus

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Conus litteratus
Two views of a shell of Conus litteratus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Caenogastropoda
Order: Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Conoidea
Family: Conidae
Genus: Conus
C. litteratus
Binomial name
Conus litteratus
  • Conus (Elisaconus) litteratus Linnaeus, 1758 · accepted, alternate representation
  • Conus arabicus Lamarck, 1810
  • Conus grueneri Reeve, 1844
  • Cucullus pardus Röding, 1798
  • Elisaconus litteratus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Strategoconus litteratus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Conus litteratus, common name the lettered cone, is a species of sophisticated predatory sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snail, cone shells or cones.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.


The size of the shell varies between 24 mm and 186 mm. The thick, heavy shell has a flat spire. Its color is cream with 2-3 axial bands of yellow or orange bands dotted with black.


It can be found in sand in and among coral in shallow water.


This is a widespread Indo-Pacific species, occurring in the Indian Ocean off Tanzania, Madagascar, the Mascarene Basin.

Apical view of a shell of Conus litteratus
Apical view of a shell of Conus litteratus

Life habits

This cone species hunts and eats marine worms.


  1. ^ NatureServe (2013). "Conus litteratus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2014.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2015). Conus litteratus Linnaeus, 1758. In: MolluscaBase (2015). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2015-10-21


  • 102 mm, Australia
    102 mm, Australia
  • 69.4 mm, Philippines
    69.4 mm, Philippines
  • 92.6 mm, Philippines
    92.6 mm, Philippines
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Conus litteratus
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