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Megophrys

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Asian horned frog" redirects here. This may also refer specifically to Megophrys montana.

Megophrys
Long-nosed horned frog (Megophrys nasuta)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Megophryidae
Genus: Megophrys
Kuhl & van Hasselt, 1822
Species

Several, see text

Synonyms

Ceratophryne Schlegel, 1858
Xenophrys Günther, 1864
Pelobatrachus Beddard, 1908 "1907"
Atympanophrys Tian and Hu, 1983
Panophrys Rao and Yang, 1997

Megophrys is a genus of frogs (Anura) in the family Megophryidae. They occur in the mainland Southeastern Asia, the islands of the Sunda Shelf, and the Philippines.[1] They commonly have elongated upper "eyebrows" and are thus known as Asian horned frogs.

Taxonomy

Taxonomy of Megophrys and the related genera is one of the bigger taxonomic problems with amphibians in the tropical Asia. Earlier taxonomies recognized Xenophrys as a separate genus, but molecular phylogenetic analyses found it paraphyletic. Awaiting a better solution, intermediate solution to this is merging Xenophrys and Megophrys, rendering Xenophrys a junior synonym of Megophrys.[1] Nevertheless, Xenophrys continues to be widely used.[2][3]

Species

Treating Xenophrys as junior synonym of Megophrys results in the following, comparatively specious Megophrys (many of the species are listed as Xenophrys in Wikipedia):[1]

Other sources continue to recognize Megophrys in a narrower sense:[2][3]

Endemic ranges

Many Megophrys species are endemic to highly restricted geographical areas.

References

  1. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Megophrys Kuhl and Van Hasselt, 1822". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Megophrys". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Megophryidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
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Megophrys
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