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|Years in Canada:||1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865|
|Centuries:||18th century · 19th century · 20th century|
|Decades:||1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s|
|Years:||1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1862 in Canada.
- Monarch — Victoria
- Governor General of the Province of Canada — Viscount Monck
- Colonial Governor of Newfoundland — Alexander Bannerman
- Governor of New Brunswick — Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon
- Governor of Nova Scotia — George Phipps, 2nd Marquess of Normanby
- Governor of Prince Edward Island — George Dundas
- Joint Premiers of the Province of Canada –
- Premier of Newfoundland — Hugh Hoyles
- Premier of New Brunswick — Samuel Leonard Tilley
- Premier of Nova Scotia – Joseph Howe
- Premier of Prince Edward Island – Edward Palmer
- April 7 – United Kingdom-United States treaty for suppression of African slave trade is signed.
- May 20 – Macdonald-Cartier government falls. Free interprovincial trade granted by the Crown.
- The first female student is accepted into Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick
- Smallpox sweeps through Fort Victoria area and down the length of the northwest coast, killing an estimated 200,000 First Nations people – William Duncan, an Anglican missionary on the northwest coast, establishes the village of Metlakatla with 50 Tsimshian followers, who adopt the Christian faith and a European lifestyle. By 1880, more than 1,000 converts live there.
- Construction begins on the Cariboo Wagon Road to link coastal shipping to Barkerville and the Cariboo goldfields.
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- January 9 – Joseph-Octave Samson, businessperson, politician and 28th Mayor of Quebec City (died 1945)
- "The Gold Diggings of British Columbia," Illustrated London News (March 29, 1862). Accessed 8 October 2017 http://personal.uwaterloo.ca/~marj/genealogy/goldbc1862.html
- "Settling Indians in St. Paul's Parish," The Nor'-Wester, Vol. III, No. 11 (June 11, 1862), pg. 1, Manitobia – Digital Resources on Manitoba History. Accessed 8 October 2017. Two images: http://manitobia.ca/content/en/newspapers/NWR/1862/06/11/1/Ar00106.html/Olive http://manitobia.ca/content/en/newspapers/NWR/1862/06/11/1/Ar00100.html/Olive
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