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1925 North Tajima earthquake

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1925 North Tajima earthquake
1925 North Tajima earthquake
UTC time1925-05-23 02:09:45
ISC event910508
Local dateMay 23, 1925[1][2][3]
Local time11.09[4]
Magnitude6.8 ML
6.6 Ms[5][6]
Depth15 km
Epicenter35°33.8′N 134°50.0′E / 35.5633°N 134.8333°E / 35.5633; 134.8333Coordinates: 35°33.8′N 134°50.0′E / 35.5633°N 134.8333°E / 35.5633; 134.8333[7]
Casualties428 dead

The 1925 North Tajima earthquake (Japanese: 北但馬地震[8]) occurred on May 23, 1925 at Toyooka, Hyōgo in Japan.


This earthquake's epicenter was in the Maruyama River estuary.[9]

According to the Japanese government's official report, there were 428 human fatalities, 1,016 people injured, 7,863 buildings destroyed, and 45,659 houses damaged by collapse or fire.[10] This quake caused extensive damage to the town of Toyooka and the Maruyama River area.

Just before the shaking could be felt, a sound like a cannon was reportedly heard intermittently from the direction of the estuary near the Maruyama River. During the earthquake, the ground in the town of Tokyooka experienced strong seismic vibrations for 16 seconds.

As most of the buildings of the time were wooden, many of them were destroyed at once during the initial earthquake. In the fire that broke out subsequently, half of Toyooka was burned down, with many deaths resulting (a reported 8% of the town's population.) 272 deaths were confirmed to have occurred in the Kinosaki area.

See also


  1. ^ "北但大震災の概要". 豊岡市公式ウェブサイト (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  2. ^ "兵庫県の地震活動の特徴". www.jishin.go.jp. Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion. Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  3. ^ 420人が犠牲 北但大震災から94年で写真展 - Sun Television
  4. ^ "北但馬地震(1925年5月23日) | 災害カレンダー". Yahoo!天気・災害 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  5. ^ デジタル大辞泉プラス. "北但馬地震とは". コトバンク (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  6. ^ "北但馬地震 |日本の災害について|携帯メール連絡網のマ・メール". メール連絡網 マ・メール (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  7. ^ "震度データベース検索". www.data.jma.go.jp. Retrieved 2021-04-30.
  8. ^ "気象庁 | 過去の地震津波災害". www.data.jma.go.jp. Retrieved 2021-05-03.
  9. ^ 兵庫県. "兵庫県を襲った過去の地震". 兵庫県 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2021-05-02.
  10. ^ 植村善博、「1925年北但馬地震における豊岡町の被害と復興過程」 佛教大学歴史学部 ISSN 2185-4203, 『歴史学部論集』 4巻 p.1-18, 2014年03月01日
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1925 North Tajima earthquake
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