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The year 1949 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- February 15 - Gerald Lankester Harding and Roland de Vaux begin excavations at Cave 1 of the Qumran Caves in the West Bank region of Jordan, the location of the first seven Dead Sea Scrolls.
- Excavation work recommences at the Peking Man Site in Zhoukoudian, China.
- Alberto Ruz Lhuillier begins excavations of the Temple of the Inscriptions, Palenque.
- Seton Lloyd begins excavations at Sakçagözü.
- Grahame Clark begins excavations at Star Carr, North Yorkshire (continues to 1951).
- Conclusion of excavations in the Vatican Necropolis.
- Radiocarbon dating technique discovered by Willard Libby and his colleagues during his tenure as a professor at the University of Chicago.
- Anak Tomb No. 3 (dated 357 CE) found in North Korea.
- New excavations at Peking Man Site in Zhoukoudian, China unearth 5 teeth and fragments of thigh and shin bone.
- First new discoveries of Nimrud ivories by British School of Archaeology in Iraq led by Max Mallowan.
- 12th century murals discovered in Coombes Church, West Sussex, England.
- "Christie ivories to go on show at British Museum". BBC. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-08.
- Davis, Tinsley H. (17 July 2007). "Profile of Dolores R. Piperno". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104 (29): 11871–11873. Bibcode:2007PNAS..10411871D. doi:10.1073/pnas.0704904104. PMC 1924548. PMID 17626180.
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