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|Years in Canada:||1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969|
|Centuries:||19th century · 20th century · 21st century|
|Decades:||1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s|
|Years:||1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Canada|
|By Provinces and Territories|
Events from the year 1966 in Canada.
- Governor general – Georges Vanier
- Prime minister – Lester B. Pearson
- Chief Justice – Robert Taschereau (Quebec)
- Parliament – 27th
- Lieutenant Governor of Alberta – John Percy Page (until January 6) then Grant MacEwan
- Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – George Pearkes
- Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Richard Spink Bowles
- Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – John B. McNair
- Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland – Fabian O'Dea
- Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Henry Poole MacKeen
- Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – William Earl Rowe
- Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Willibald Joseph MacDonald
- Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Paul Comtois (until February 22) then Hugues Lapointe
- Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan – Robert Hanbidge
- Premier of Alberta – Ernest Manning
- Premier of British Columbia – W.A.C. Bennett
- Premier of Manitoba – Dufferin Roblin
- Premier of New Brunswick – Louis Robichaud
- Premier of Newfoundland – Joey Smallwood
- Premier of Nova Scotia – Robert Stanfield
- Premier of Ontario – John Robarts
- Premier of Prince Edward Island – Walter Shaw (until July 28) then Alexander B. Campbell
- Premier of Quebec – Jean Lesage (until June 16) then Daniel Johnson, Sr.
- Premier of Saskatchewan – Ross Thatcher
- January 1: The Canada Pension Plan and the Quebec Pension Plan both begin operation
- February 25: Toronto Transit Commission inaugurates the Bloor-Danforth Subway line.
- March 4: The Munsinger Affair is Canada's first major political sex scandal
- May 1: Army camps, RCAF stations, and the RCN's land-based installations become Canadian Forces bases. Training schools and the pay system are unified.
- May 18: Paul Joseph Chartier is killed when a bomb he is carrying goes off on Parliament Hill
- June 5: The Union Nationale under Daniel Johnson, Sr. is elected in Quebec.
- June 16: Daniel Johnson, Sr., becomes premier of Quebec, replacing Jean Lesage
- July 28: Alexander B. Campbell becomes premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing Walter Shaw
- September 1: The CBC becomes the first Canadian television network to broadcast in colour, followed within days by the private-sector CTV Television Network.
- October 14: Montreal inaugurates its metro system (see Montreal Metro).
- October 17: The Montreal Metro opens
- November 4: Bill C-243, The Canadian Forces Reorganization Act, is introduced in Parliament.
- December 31: The Centennial Flame in front of Parliament Hill is lit
- The Revolutionary Strategy and the Role of the Avant-Garde outlining the strategy of the FLQ is written.
- The Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program is established.
- The Medical Care Act is passed, helping set up the Medicare system
- Cold Mountain. Singing Hands Series 3 by B. P. Nichol
- The Circle Game by Margaret Atwood
- Expeditions by Margaret Atwood
- Speeches for Doctor Frankenstein by Margaret Atwood
- Beautiful Losers by Leonard Cohen
- See 1966 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
- Stephen Leacock Award: George Bain, Nursery Rhymes to Be Read Aloud by Young Parents with Old Children
- Vicky Metcalf Award: Fred Savage
- January 7 – Gene Kiniski wins his first (and only) NWA World Heavyweight Championship title by defeating Lou Thesz. Kiniski becomes the third Canadian to win the NWA title
- March 5 – The Toronto Varsity Blues win their first University Cup by defeating the Alberta Golden Bears 8–1, The final game was played at Sudbury Community Arena
- March 12 – Bobby Hull sets the record for the most goals in a National Hockey League (NHL) season.
- May 5 – The Montreal Canadiens win their 14th Stanley Cup by defeating the Detroit Red Wings 4 games to 2. Bracebridge, Ontario's Roger Crozier won the Conn Smythe Trophy in a losing effort.
- May 15 – The Central Alberta Hockey League's Edmonton Oil Kings win their second Memorial Cup by defeating the Ontario Hockey Association's Oshawa Generals 4 games 2. All games were played Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto
- November 19 – The St. Francis Xavier X-Men win their first Vanier Cup by defeating the Waterloo Lutheran Golden Hawks 40–14 in the 2nd Vanier Cup played at Varsity Stadium in Toronto
- November 26 – The Saskatchewan Roughriders win their first Grey Cup by defeating the Ottawa Rough Riders 29–14 in the 54th Grey Cup played at Empire Stadium in Vancouver
- January 23 – Bernadette Bowyer, field hockey player
- January 24 – Michael Forgeron, rower and Olympic gold medallist
- January 30 – Doug Wood, pole vaulter
- February 20 – Louis Ferreira, actor
- February 27 – Donal Logue, actor
- March 1 – Susan Auch, speed skater and double Olympic silver medallist
- March 16 – Chrissy Redden, cyclist
- March 20 – Chris Gifford, field hockey player
- March 25 – Jeff Healey, jazz and blues-rock guitarist and vocalist (d. 2008)
- March 25 – David Hohl, wrestler
- March 29 – Pamela Rai, swimmer and Olympic bronze medallist
- March 31 – Nathalie Gosselin, judoka
- April 19 – David La Haye, actor
- April 20 – Vincent Riendeau, ice hockey player and coach
- April 24 – David Usher, rock singer-songwriter
- May 2 – Belinda Stronach, politician and Minister, businessperson and philanthropist
- May 11 – Michelle MacPherson, swimmer and Olympic bronze medallist
- May 12 – Anne Ottenbrite, swimmer and Olympic gold medallist
- May 23 – Gary Roberts, ice hockey player
- June 12 – Michael Redhill, poet, playwright and novelist
- June 18 – Kurt Browning, figure skater and four-time World Champion, choreographer
- June 24 – Debbie Fuller, diver
- June 26 – Kirk McLean, ice hockey player
- June 29 – John Part, darts player
- June 30 – Peter Outerbridge, actor
- July 18 – Lila Feng, weather presenter
- August 27 – Gianni Vignaduzzi, track cyclist
- September 10 – Joe Nieuwendyk, ice hockey player and manager
- September 27 – Gerry Byrne, politician
- October 17 – Peter Milkovich, field hockey player and coach
- October 24 – Conrad Pla, kickboxer and actor
- October 25 – Wendel Clark, ice hockey player
- November 9 – Lisa Faust, field hockey player
- November 14 – André Gingras, dancer and choreographer (d. 2013)
- November 21 – Christopher Bowie, swimmer
- December 1 – Larry Walker, baseball player
- December 5 – Deb Whitten, field hockey player
- December 21 – Kiefer Sutherland, actor
- Stéphane Demers, actor
- January 22 – Morris Gray, politician (b.1889)
- February 6 - R.T.M. Scott, author
- April 8 – Robert Methven Petrie, astronomer (b.1906)
- July 11 – Andrew McNaughton, army officer, politician and diplomat (b.1887)
- September 5 – William Murdoch Buchanan, politician (b.1897)
- September 15 – Leonard Brockington, lawyer, civil servant and first head of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) (b.1888)
- October 18 – Elizabeth Arden, businesswoman (b.1884 in Canada)
- December 2 - Ralph Allen, author and journalist
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