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2021 South Moravia tornado

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South Moravia tornado
F4 tornado
A map of the affected area, Břeclav and Hodonín districts, South Moravia, Czech Republic
TypeTornado
Formed24 June 2021 (2021-06-24)
Highest winds
  • 207–260 mph (333–418 kph)
Max. rating1F4 tornado[1]
Fatalities6 fatalities,[2] 200+ injuries
Damage15+ billion CZK (~588 million EUR) (~693.9 million USD)
Areas affectedSouth Moravian Region

1Most severe tornado damage; see Fujita scale

A rare violent and deadly multiple-vortex[3] tornado struck several villages in the Hodonín and Břeclav districts of the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic in the evening of 24 June 2021, killing six people and injuring at least 200 others.[4][5] The tornado struck seven municipalities, with the worst damage in the villages of Hrušky, Moravská Nová Ves, Mikulčice and Lužice.[6][7][8]

This tornado was the strongest ever documented in modern Czech history and the deadliest European tornado since 2001.[9] It was rated as an F4 on the Fujita scale. This made it the first confirmed violent (F4+) tornado in Europe since July of 2015, when an F4 tornado struck the towns of Dolo and Mira in Italy. The tornado was part of a small outbreak of seven tornadoes that formed across Europe that day.

Path and impact

Damaged Church of Saint Bartholomew in Hrušky.
Damaged Church of Saint Bartholomew in Hrušky.

The tornado first touched down just east of Břeclav, initially causing little to no damage as it moved through open fields. It continued to the east-northeast towards Hrušky, and rapidly began to grow in size and intensity as it moved towards the town. The tornado then struck Hrušky directly, resulting in widespread, major structural damage throughout much of the small community. Numerous well-built brick homes were damaged or destroyed, and a school building and a church were also severely damaged. One third of the buildings in the Hrušky were destroyed, and 85% were damaged, with the most severe damage occurring in the southern half of town.

The large and violent tornado then intensified further as it continued to the northeast, reaching its point of peak intensity and producing devastating damage as it passed through the neighboring towns of Moravská Nová Ves and Mikulčice. Hundreds of houses, apartment buildings, churches, businesses, and warehouse buildings were severely damaged or destroyed along this segment of the path, including a few well-built brick and masonry homes that were completely leveled to the ground. The concrete exterior walls of structures that remained standing were scarred and impaled by flying projectiles. Debris was strewn long distances, cars were flipped and thrown, and dozens of trees were debarked and denuded along this segment of the path, including a few that were completely stripped clean of all bark. One car was found in an open field with its engine block torn out and missing, and a large metal shipping container was thrown into a gate and completely mangled. A pub and two boarding houses were destroyed in Moravská Nová Ves, and reinforced concrete roof and wall slabs were ripped from a large farm building along the outskirts of town and scattered across a field. Large farm implements were tossed and damaged, and a bus was also thrown into a house in Mikulčice, causing multiple serious injuries.[10][7][6][11]

Continuing into Lužice, the tornado became narrower in visual appearance, but remained violent as it continued to produce a large path of very intense damage. Multiple homes and apartment buildings were damaged or destroyed in the town, many vehicles were thrown and mangled, trees were debarked, metal-framed industrial buildings and factories were destroyed, streets were left covered with debris, and severed gas and electrical lines sparked multiple small fires in wake of the tornado. Several vineyards in the Lužice area suffered extensive damage as well. The narrow tornado proceeded to cut a path of major damage through neighboring Hodonín, impacting densely populated areas in the northern part of town. Numerous apartment buildings, office buildings, businesses, and houses sustained major structural damage or were destroyed. Several other buildings, including a retirement home, a sports complex, an arena, metal-framed warehouses, and structures at the Hodonín Zoo were also severely damaged or destroyed. The powerful tornado widened again and curved northward as it exited Hodonín and moved into a rural area, completely mowing down a large swath of trees as it impacted a patch of forest. Metal truss transmission towers were blown over in this area, farm fields were scoured, and several homes were destroyed in the small village of Pánov. The tornado continued past Pánov and moved through another densely forested area, flattening another wide swath of trees before abruptly dissipating near Ratíškovice. In all, a total of 1,200 buildings were damaged or destroyed by the tornado.[12]

Aftermath

Damaged houses on the Republic Square in Moravská Nová Ves.
Damaged houses on the Republic Square in Moravská Nová Ves.

The tornado caused widespread power outages, with approximately 121,000 households left without electricity in the region.[6] At least 115 buildings that did not completely collapse have been scheduled for demolition.[13] The D2 motorway linking Brno with Bratislava in Slovakia was closed.[7][14] Rescue teams from across the country (including Prague) and also from neighboring Austria and Slovakia were deployed,[12] as was the Czech Army.[15] The total damage to public property has been so far estimated at 15+ billion CZK. Damages to privately owned properties are expected to be many times higher, but the exact numbers are still unknown.[16]

Shortly after the tornado, workers started to fix homes that were not damaged beyond repair. Streets of impacted villages were filled with piles of debris and destroyed vehicles. The governor of South Moravia, Jan Grolich, stressed the need to clean them, and artificial landfills were made for cleaned up debris. Some of it will be used to aid house repairs.[16]

A delegation of the Vietnamese Embassy and the Vietnamese Association in the Czech Republic visited several Vietnamese households to help support and comfort them. A fundraising campaign was launched by the delegation to aid those affected. More than 200,000 CZK (~$9,300) was raised in a day for essential goods. Over 30 Vietnamese families were affected, according to the association.[17]

Hodonín-born entrepreneur and philanthropist Karel Komárek pledged an immediate donation of 150 million CZK to help the recovery effort.[18] "I was born in Hodonín and this disaster has deeply affected me. We have to act quickly, which is why we immediately set aside funds to help with the recovery effort and to give people back their livelihoods," said Komárek after he announced his donation.[19] He also said he would make more funds available, should the situation require it.[20]

Ice hockey player Michal Kempný, a native of Hodonín, helped to rebuild his hometown after the tornado.[21] The NCSML requested for direct financial assistance to help impacted areas. The CEO, Dr. Cecilia Rokusek called the tornado the "most devastating storm ever in the country", and that assistance is "essential for preserving our rich history for the long term future".[22]

Other tornadoes

This tornado was part of a small outbreak that affected Europe that day, which produced a total of seven tornadoes. In Poland, one person was injured by an F2 tornado that impacted the towns of Librantowa and Koniuszowa, damaging numerous structures, 15 of which had their roofs torn off. Numerous reports of damaging straight-line winds and large, destructive hail were received as well.[1]

List of reported tornadoes - Thursday, June 24, 2021
F# Location Region Coord. Time (UTC) Path length Damage
Poland
F1 SE of Boronów Silesian Voivodeship 50°40′N 18°56′E / 50.67°N 18.93°E / 50.67; 18.93 (Boronów (June 24, F1)) 8:10 unknown Several trees had their branches snapped, and a telephone line fell on a car.[23][24]
F2 Koniuszowa to Librantowa Lesser Poland Voivodeship 49°40′N 20°45′E / 49.66°N 20.75°E / 49.66; 20.75 (Koniuszowa (June 24, F2)) 14:18 unknown Dozens of homes and buildings were damaged, including 15 that lost their roofs. Outbuildings were destroyed, trees were downed, and sheet metal was thrown into fences and power lines. One person was injured.[25][24]
F1 Wrzelów Lublin Voivodeship 51°13′N 21°51′E / 51.22°N 21.85°E / 51.22; 21.85 (Wrzelów (June 24, F1)) 23:30 unknown 20 homes sustained roof damage from this tornado.[26][24]
Czech Republic
F4 E of Břeclav to Mikulčice to NE of Hodonín South Moravian Region 50°07′N 17°04′E / 50.12°N 17.07°E / 50.12; 17.07 (South Moravia (June 24, F4)) 17:40 26 km (16 mi) 6 deaths – See above section on this tornado – 200 people were injured.[27][24]
France
F? SSE of Miribel-les-Échelles Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes 45°25′N 5°42′E / 45.42°N 5.70°E / 45.42; 5.70 (Miribel-les-Échelles (June 24, EFU)) 15:00 unknown A tornado briefly touched down, causing no damage.[24]
Russia
F? Lake Peipus Pskov Oblast unknown unknown unknown A tornadic waterspout formed over Lake Peipus, causing no damage.[24]
Germany
F? S of Kinzenbach Hesse unknown 17:45 unknown A tornado was sighted and photographed at the south edge of Kinzenbach, causing no damage.[24][28]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "European Severe Weather Database". eswd.eu. Retrieved 2021-03-27.
  2. ^ "Bouřky na jižní Moravě mají šestou oběť, v brněnské nemocnici zemřelo dítě". idnes.cz. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  3. ^ ""Silnější než samotné tornádo." Moravu pustošily i savé víry, říká odborník". Seznam zprávy. 2021-06-25. Retrieved 2 July 2021.}
  4. ^ ""Hölle auf Erden": Tote und hunderte Verletzte nach Tornado in Tschechien". kurier.at (in German). 2021-06-25. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  5. ^ "Tote und viele Verletzte nach Tornado in Tschechien". Tagesschau.de (in German). Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  6. ^ a b c "Mrtví, zavalení, všude trosky. Sedm obcí na Moravě zpustošilo tornádo". iDnes. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  7. ^ a b c "'Living hell': deaths reported as Czech Republic tornado devastates villages". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Video: Meteoradar ukazuje, jak postupovala ničivá bouře a tornádo". Seznam zprávy. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  9. ^ Korosec, Author Marko (2021-06-25). "The most powerful tornado on record hit the Czech Republic, leaving several fatalities and 200+ injured across the Hodonin district". Severe Weather Europe. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
  10. ^ "Tornádo zpustošilo jih Moravy, zanechalo za sebou oběti a mnoho zraněných". CT. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  11. ^ "SOUHRNNÁ ZPRÁVA k vyhodnocení tornáda na jihu Moravy 24. 6. 2021" (PDF). chmi.cz. CHMI. Retrieved October 26, 2021.
  12. ^ a b "Czech Republic: Deadly tornado sweeps through villages". BBC. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  13. ^ "Po tornádu na jižní Moravě půjde k zemi zatím 115 domů". Novinky.cz. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  14. ^ "Tornado zieht durch Tschechien: "Es ist die Hölle auf Erden"". Die Welt. 2021-06-25. Retrieved 2021-06-25.
  15. ^ "Jižní Morava sčítá škody po tornádu. Zemřeli nejméně čtyři lidé". CT. Retrieved 25 June 2021.
  16. ^ a b "K demolici je zatím 69 domů, škody na veřejném majetku budou přes 12 miliard". Novinky.cz. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  17. ^ VietnamPlus (2021-06-27). "Embassy, association comfort Vietnamese hit by tornado in Czech Republic | Society | Vietnam+ (VietnamPlus)". VietnamPlus. Retrieved 2021-06-27.
  18. ^ "Komárek pošle "svému" Hodonínsku 150 milionů korun - Novinky.cz". www.novinky.cz. Retrieved 2021-09-01.
  19. ^ "Tornádo poškodilo i firmy miliardáře Komárka. Pošle 150 milionů - Seznam Zprávy". www.seznamzpravy.cz. Retrieved 2021-09-01.
  20. ^ Mašek, Jaroslav (2021-06-25). "150 milionů pro Moravu od Komárka, další podnikatelé aktivují zdroje, jak se dá. Byznys pomáhá po tornádu". Hospodářské noviny (HN.cz) (in Czech). Retrieved 2021-09-01.
  21. ^ "Capitals' Michal Kempny Helps Rebuild His Hometown in Czech Republic After Tornado". NBC4 Washington. Retrieved 2021-06-27.
  22. ^ "NCSML to raise money for tornado-impacted Czech Republic region". www.thegazette.com. Retrieved 2021-06-28.
  23. ^ "Boronów. Trąba powietrzna nad gminą. Uszkodzony plac rekreacji, powalone drzewa. Wójt mówi o trąbie powietrznej". Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g "European Severe Weather Database". European Severe Storms Laboratory. 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  25. ^ "Trąba powietrzna w Małopolsce raniła jedną osobę i zerwała kilkadziesiąt dachów" (in Polish). TVN24. 24 June 2021. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  26. ^ "Kilkadziesiąt uszkodzonych dachów, kilka tysięcy odbiorców bez prądu. Sytuacja w regionie po burzach (zdjęcia)" (in Polish). Lublin 112. 25 June 2021. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  27. ^ "Stopa po tornádu na jihu Moravy je 26 kilometrů dlouhá, zjistili meteorologové z leteckých snímků" (in Czech). iRozhlas. 25 June 2021. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  28. ^ https://tornadoliste.de/read:8140
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2021 South Moravia tornado
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