Building material made from earth and organic materials / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Adobe (/əˈdbi/ (Loudspeaker.svglisten) ə-DOH-bee;[1] Spanish pronunciation: [aˈðoβe]) is a building material made from earth and organic materials. Adobe is Spanish for mudbrick. In some English-speaking regions of Spanish heritage, such as the Southwestern United States, the term is used to refer to any kind of earthen construction, or various architectural styles like Pueblo Revival or Territorial Revival. Most adobe buildings are similar in appearance to cob and rammed earth buildings. Adobe is among the earliest building materials, and is used throughout the world.

Adobe wall (detail) in Bahillo, Palencia, Spain
Renewal of the surface coating of an adobe wall in Chamisal, New Mexico
Adobe walls separate urban gardens in Shiraz, Iran

Adobe architecture has been dated to before 5,100 B.C.[2]