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Al-Furqan

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Sura 25 of the Quran
الفرقان
Al-Furqān
The Criterion
ClassificationMeccan
Other namesThe Statute Book
No. of Rukus6
No. of verses77

Al-Furqān (Arabic: الفرقان‎, "The Criterion") is the 25th chapter (sūrah) of the Qur'an with 77 verses (āyāt). The name Al-Furqan,[1] or "The Criterion" refers to the Qur'an itself as the decisive factor between good and evil.

The chapter emphasizes (25:68–70) that there is no sin, however great, that cannot be forgiven if sincerely repented, showing faith and working with righteous deeds.[2][3]

The al-Furqan includes the Torah, given that "We sent Moses The Book, and appointed his brother Aaron with him as minister" (Sura 25, verse 35).[2][4]

Name

This Surah is named Al-Furqan from the word appearing in the 1st ayat.[note 1]

Time of Revelation

It shows up from its style and topic that it was additionally uncovered during the 3rd phase of Prophethood at Makkah like Surah Al-Mu'minun.[note 2]

Theme and Subject Matter

The Surah manages the questions and doubts that were being raised against the Quran, the Prophethood of Muhammad and his lessons by the disbelievers of Mecca. Suitable responses to every single objection is revealed in the surah and the individuals have been cautioned of the results of dismissing the Truth. The significant issues, divine laws, and direction follows the following order in the surah:-[6]

  1. The Quran is the rule, the criterion i.e Al-Furqan to distinguish between the right and the wrong.
  2. Transgressors are the individuals who dismiss Reality, distrust the Rasool, and preclude the Day of Judgment and hereafter.
  3. Upon the arrival of Judgment Day, those False-deities worshiped by the mushriks will declare no divinity and consider the mushrikin answerable for their shirk, on the Judgement Day.
  4. The disbelievers will lament not opting the Righteous Path upon the arrival of the Judgment Day.
  5. Sequential, gradual and bit-by-bit disclosure of the Quran is a pearl of wisdom.
  6. Allah's decree is commanded to make Jihad against unbelief in the Quran.
  7. Qualities of genuine devotees are portrayed.

Toward the finish of the Surah, description of the character of a true believer is given as in the start of Surah Al-Mu'minoon. According to Abul A'la Maududi

Here is the criterion for distinguishing the genuine from the counterfeit. This is the noble character of those people who have believed in and followed the teachings of the Holy Prophet and this is the kind of people that he is trying to train. You may yourselves compare and contrast this type of people with those Arabs, who have not as yet accepted the Message, and who are upholding "ignorance" and exerting their utmost to defeat the Truth. Now you may judge for yourselves as to which you would like to choose." Though this question was not posed in so many words, it was placed before everyone in Arabia in a tangible shape. It may be noted that during the next few years, the practical answer given to this question by the whole nation, with the exception of a small minority, was that they chose Islam.[7]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ In spite of the fact that it is a symbolic name like numerous other Surahs, it has a nearby connection to its topic.
  2. ^ Ibn Jarir and Fakhr al-Din al-Razi have referred to a tradition of Dahhak ibn Muzahim that this Surah was uncovered eight years before Surah An-Nisa. This additionally affirms to its time of disclosure. [5]

References

  1. ^ "Text concordances of the Arabic word "al-Furqan" in the Holy Quràn". intratext.com. Archived from the original on Oct 8, 2018. Retrieved Oct 7, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Quran translated in English. Sura 25". qurango.com. Archived from the original on Feb 8, 2011. Retrieved Oct 7, 2018.
  3. ^ "Holy Qurán translated in English (with text concordance). Sura 25, verses from 51 to 77". intratext.com. Archived from the original on Apr 18, 2007.
  4. ^ "Holy Qurán translated in English (with text concordance). Sura 25, verses from 1 to 50". intratext.com. Archived from the original on Nov 15, 2006. Retrieved Oct 7, 2018.
  5. ^ Ibn Jarir, Vol. XIX, pp. 28-30, and Tafsir al-Kabir (al-Razi), Vol. VI,p. 358
  6. ^ Muhammad Farooq-i-Azam Malik (translator), Al-Qur'an, the Guidance for Mankind - English with Arabic Text (Hardcover) ISBN 0-911119-80-9
  7. ^ Abul A'la Maududi - Tafhim-ul-Quran
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Al-Furqan
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