Al-Lat (Arabic: اللات, romanized: Al-Lāt, pronounced [alːaːt]), also spelled Allat, Allatu and Alilat, is a pre-Islamic Arabian goddess worshipped under various associations throughout the entire Arabian Peninsula, including Mecca where she was worshipped alongside Manat and al-'Uzza as one of the daughters of Allah. The word Allat or Elat has been used to refer to various goddesses in the ancient Near East, including the goddess Asherah-Athirat.

Quick facts: Al-Lāt, Major cult center, Symbol, Region, Pe...
Al-Lāt
Goddess of war, peace, combat and prosperity
Al-Lat with a palm branch and lion from the Ba‘alshamîn temple in Palmyra, first century AD. Damascus, Syria
Major cult centerPalmyra, Iram,[1] Ta'if (according to Islamic sources)
SymbolLion, gazelle, crescent, cubic rock
RegionArabia
Personal information
SiblingsAl-‘Uzzá, Manāt
Consort
ChildrenDushara (Nabataean tradition)
Equivalents
Greek equivalentAthena
Roman equivalentMinerva
Canaanite equivalentAstarte, Atargatis
Carthaginian equivalentAllatu
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Al-Lat is attested in south Arabian inscriptions as Lat and Latan, but she had more prominence in north Arabia and the Hejaz, and her cult reached as far as Syria.[3] The writers of the Safaitic script frequently invoked al-Lat in their inscriptions. She was also worshipped by the Nabataeans and was associated with al-'Uzza. The presence of her cult was attested in both Palmyra and Hatra. Under Greco-Roman influence, her iconography began to show the attributes of Athena, the Greek goddess of war, as well as her Roman equivalent Minerva.

According to Islamic sources, the tribe of Banu Thaqif in Ta'if especially held reverence to her. In Islamic tradition, her worship ended when her temple in Ta'if was demolished on the orders of Muhammad.[4]