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Alpnach

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Alpnach
Coat of arms
Location of Alpnach
Alpnach
Alpnach
Alpnach
Alpnach
Coordinates: 46°56′N 8°16′E / 46.933°N 8.267°E / 46.933; 8.267Coordinates: 46°56′N 8°16′E / 46.933°N 8.267°E / 46.933; 8.267
CountrySwitzerland
CantonObwalden
Districtn.a.
Area
 • Total56.98 km2 (22.00 sq mi)
Elevation
464 m (1,522 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total6,031
 • Density110/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
6055
SFOS number1401
Surrounded byEnnetmoos (NW), Entlebuch (LU), Hergiswil (NW), Kerns, Sarnen, Schwarzenberg (LU), Stansstad (NW)
Websitewww.alpnach.ch
SFSO statistics

Alpnach is a village in the canton of Obwalden in Switzerland. It comprises the villages of Alpnach Dorf, Alpnachstad and Schoried.

History

Alpnach is first mentioned about 870 as Alpenacho.[3]

Geography

Aerial view from 250 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1931)
Aerial view from 250 m by Walter Mittelholzer (1931)

Alpnach has an area, as of 2006, of 53.8 square kilometers (20.8 sq mi). Of this area, 32.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 54.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (8.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located on the heights above two streams, the Large and Small Schliere. During the mid-19th Century the village became a linear village. While in the 20th Century, it expanded into a Haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square). It consists of the villages of Alpnach Dorf, Alpnachstad and Schoried.

Demographics

Alpnach has a population (as of 31 December 2019) of 6,053.[5] As of 2007, 13.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 11.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (89.7%), with Albanian being second most common ( 2.3%) and Portuguese being third ( 1.8%).[4] As of 2000 the gender distribution of the population was 50.8% male and 49.2% female. As of 2000 there are 1,828 households in Alpnach.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 34.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (33.6%), the Other (23.2%) and the SPS (9%).[4]

In Alpnach about 67.2% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Alpnach has an unemployment rate of 1.55%. As of 2005, there were 228 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 91 businesses involved in this sector. 839 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 81 businesses in this sector. 952 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 144 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1799 1,157
1850 1,622
1900 1,779
1950 3,022
2000 4,932

Transport

Alpnach is served by Alpnach Dorf station and Alpnachstad station on the Brünig line, an inter-regional narrow-gauge railway from Interlaken to Lucerne. The half-hourly Lucerne S-Bahn S5 service between Giswil and Lucerne stops at both stations, whilst the hourly InterRegio train between Interlaken and Lucerne normally stops only at Alpnach Dorf station.[7] Alpnachstad is also served by Lake Lucerne shipping services of the Schifffahrtsgesellschaft des Vierwaldstättersees (SGV), providing an alternative connection to Lucerne and other lakeside communities.[8] Alpnachstad PB railway station, located across the street from Alpnachstad station, is the terminus of the Pilatus Railway to the summit of Mount Pilatus.[9]

Alpnach is also home to the Alpnach Air Base of the Swiss Air Force.

Sights

Pilatusbahn, the world's steepest rack railway
Pilatusbahn, the world's steepest rack railway

The main sights of Alpnach include the world's steepest rack railway to the mountain Pilatus, a Roman mansion, and a hand-operated print shop.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Alpnach in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 03-Sep-2009
  5. ^ "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b Canton Obwalden Statistics Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine accessed 2 September 2009 (in German)
  7. ^ "Luzern–Brünig–Interlaken" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2013-01-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ "Luzern–Alpnachstad (Vierwaldstättersee)" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2013-01-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ "Alpnachstad–Pilatus" (PDF). Bundesamt für Verkehr. Retrieved 2013-01-07. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)


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Alpnach
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