Anna Filosofova

Russian philanthropist (1837–1912) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Anna Pavlovna Filosofova (Russian: Анна Павловна Философова; née Diaghileva; August 5, 1837 – March 17, 1912[1]) was a Russian feminist, activist, and philanthropist.

Quick facts: Anna Filosofova, Born, Died, Children, Relati...
Anna Filosofova
Anna Pavlovna Diaghileva

(1837-08-05)August 5, 1837
Saint Petersburg
DiedMarch 17, 1912(1912-03-17) (aged 74)
Saint Petersburg
ChildrenDmitry Filosofov
RelativesSergei Diaghilev (nephew)

Filosofova was born into a wealthy noble family and married as a teenager; she and her husband had nine children. She became a feminist after joining Maria Trubnikova's salon, crediting Trubnikova with her inculcation in the subject. Alongside Trubnikova and Nadezhda Stasova, she was one of the founders and leaders of the first organised Russian women's movement. Together, the three were referred to as the "triumvirate".[2][3]

The three women founded and led several charitable organizations designed to promote women's cultural and economic independence. Subsequently, they successfully pushed government officials to allow higher education for women, although continuing opposition meant that their successes were sometimes limited or reversed. From 1879–1881, Filosofova was briefly exiled on suspicion of revolutionary sympathies. After her return to Russia, she continued to work as an activist and philanthropist in support of Russian women. Outliving both Trubnikova and Stasova, she survived to participate in the Russian Revolution of 1905 and chair the first Russian women's congress in 1908. Filosofova died in 1912.

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