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Saint Petersburg

Federal city in Russia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Saint Petersburg,[lower-alpha 1] formerly known as Petrograd (1914–1924) and later Leningrad (1924–1991; see below), is the second-largest city in Russia after Moscow. It is situated on the Neva River, at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea. The city had a population of roughly 5.6 million residents as of 2021.[3] Saint Petersburg is the fourth-most populous city in Europe, the most populous city on the Baltic Sea, and the world's northernmost city of more than 1 million residents. As Russia's Imperial capital, and a historically strategic port, it is governed as a federal city.

Quick facts: Saint Petersburg Санкт-Петербург, Country...
Saint Petersburg
The Winter Palace
Palace Bridge
Peter and Paul Cathedral
Saint Isaac's Cathedral
The General Staff Building
The embankment along the Moyka river
Anthem: "Anthem of Saint Petersburg"
Location of Saint Petersburg in European Russia
Location of Saint Petersburg in European Russia
Coordinates: 59°56′15″N 30°18′31″E
Federal districtNorthwestern
Economic regionNorthwestern
Founded27 May 1703 (1703-05-27)[1]
City raionsSee list
  BodyLegislative Assembly
  GovernorAlexander Beglov[2] (UR)
  Federal city1,439 km2 (556 sq mi)
3 m (10 ft)
  Federal cityNeutral increase 5,601,911
  Density3,992.81/km2 (10,341.3/sq mi)
Neutral increase 6,200,000[4]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK[5])
Postal code
Area code812
ISO 3166 codeRU-SPE
Vehicle registration78, 98, 178, 198
OKTMO ID40000000
Gross regional product₽9.44 trillion
(€108 billion)
Official languageRussian[7]

The city was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 May 1703 on the site of a captured Swedish fortress, and was named after apostle Saint Peter. In Russia, Saint Petersburg is historically and culturally associated with the birth of the Russian Empire and Russia's entry into modern history as a European great power.[9] It served as a capital of the Tsardom of Russia, and the subsequent Russian Empire, from 1713 to 1918 (being replaced by Moscow for a short period of time between 1728 and 1730).[10] After the October Revolution in 1917, the Bolsheviks moved their government to Moscow.[11] The city was renamed Leningrad after Lenin's death in 1924. In 1991, during a wave of De-Leninization following the dissolution of the USSR, the city was restored to its original appellation through a city-wide referendum.

As Russia's cultural centre,[12] Saint Petersburg received over 15 million tourists in 2018.[13][14] It is considered an important economic, scientific, and tourism centre of Russia and Europe. In modern times, the city has the nickname of being "the Northern Capital of Russia" and is home to notable federal government bodies such as the Constitutional Court of Russia and the Heraldic Council of the President of the Russian Federation. It is also a seat for the National Library of Russia and a planned location for the Supreme Court of Russia, as well as the home to the headquarters of the Russian Navy, and the Western Military District of the Russian Armed Forces. The Historic Centre of Saint Petersburg and Related Groups of Monuments constitute a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world, the Lakhta Center, the tallest skyscraper in Europe, and was one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup and the UEFA Euro 2020.