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Grey penduline tit,
Anthoscopus caroli
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Remizidae
Genus: Anthoscopus
Cabanis, 1850

Anthoscopus is a genus of birds in the penduline tit family Remizidae. The genus is restricted to Sub-Saharan Africa, where it ranges from the Sahel to South Africa. Unlike many of the Eurasian penduline, these species are not generally migratory, instead remaining close to their breeding sites year round. A wide range of habitats is occupied by the six species, from deserts to woodlands to rainforest.


Their pendulous and elaborately woven nests have false entrances above the true entrance, these in turn lead to a false chamber. The true nesting chamber is accessed by the parent opening a hidden flap, entering and then closing the flap shut again, the two sides sealing with sticky spider webs. These false entrances are used to confuse potential predators and protect the eggs and nestlings.[1]


It contains the following six species:

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Sennar penduline tit Anthoscopus punctifrons Cameroon, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan
Yellow penduline tit Anthoscopus parvulus Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, South Sudan, and Togo
Mouse-colored penduline tit Anthoscopus musculus Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda
Forest penduline tit Anthoscopus flavifrons Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, and Nigeria.
Grey penduline tit Anthoscopus caroli Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Cape penduline tit Anthoscopus minutus Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe.


  1. ^ Madge, Steve (2008), "Family Remizidae (Penduline- )", in Josep, del Hoyo; Andrew, Elliott; David, Christie (eds.), Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 13, Penduline- to Shrikes, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 52–75, ISBN 978-84-96553-45-3

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