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Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

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This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (September 2012) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 7,391 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Anton Ulrich (Sachsen-Meiningen)]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Anton Ulrich (Sachsen-Meiningen))) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Anton Ulrich
Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Reign1746–1763
PredecessorFriedrich Wilhelm
SuccessorKarl Wilhelm
Born(1687-10-22)22 October 1687
Meiningen
Died27 January 1763(1763-01-27) (aged 75)
Frankfurt
SpouseCharlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal
Philippine Elisabeth Caesar
IssueCharlotte, Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Louise, Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld
Princess Elisabeth
Karl Wilhelm
Prince Friedrich Franz
Prince Friedrich Wilhelm
George I
Princess Amalie
HouseSaxe-Meiningen
FatherBernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
MotherElisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
ReligionLutheranism

Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (Meiningen, 22 October 1687 – Frankfurt, 27 January 1763), was Duke of Saxe-Meiningen from 1746 to 1763.

Life

Anton Ulrich was born on 22 October 1687 at Meiningen. He was the second but first surviving son (in order of birth he was the eighth) of Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and his second wife, Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

When his father died in 1706, according to his will the duchy was not supposed to be divided among his heirs. However, due to the lack of a primogeniture rule, his three sons had to govern jointly: Anton Ulrich and his two older half-brothers, Ernst Ludwig and Friedrich Wilhelm. This resulted in conflict between Ernst Ludwig I and Anton Ulrich until the former died in 1724. Chaos continued, though, as now Friedrich Wilhelm and Anton Ulrich issued conflicting decrees.[1]

Anton Ulrich had secretly married morganatically in the Netherlands in 1711 and lived in Amsterdam for much of the time. Since Anton Ulrich's aunt on his mother's side was the wife of Emperor Karl VI he made some progress in his attempts to make his offspring entitled to inherit. After Karl VI died, under Charles VII Anton Ulrich's ten children were found to be disqualified to succeed in 1744. Earlier that year, Philippine Elisabeth Caesar, Anton Ulrich's wife, had died. In 1746, Friedrich Wilhelm died, and Anton Ulrich was now the only Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. Although his relatives at Weimar and Gotha were already discussing the division of Saxe-Meiningen after his death, Anton Ulrich married again and succeeded in fathering another eight children - all of them eligible for inheritance.[1]

Immediately after he inherited the duchy, Anton Ulrich left Meiningen and established his official residence at Frankfurt, where he lived until his death on 27 January 1763.[1]

Marriages

In January 1711, Anton Ulrich secretly married Philippine Elisabeth Caesar, the lady-in-waiting of his favourite sister, Elisabeth Ernestine. This marriage was unequal, but she was created Princess (German: Fürstin) in 1727. They had ten children, all created Prince/Princess of Saxe-Meiningen (Fürst/Fürstin):

  • Princess Philippine Antoinette of Saxe-Meiningen (b.1 August 1712 – d. Meiningen, 21 January 1785).
  • Princess Philippine Elisabeth of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 10 September 1713 – d. Meiningen, 18 March 1781).
  • Princess Philippine Louise of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 10 October 1714 – d. Meiningen, 25 October 1771).
  • Princess Philippine Wilhelmine of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 11 October 1715 – d. 1718).
  • Prince Bernhard Ernst of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 14 December 1716 – d. Meiningen, 14 June 1778).
  • Princess Antonie Augusta of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 29 December 1717 – d. Meiningen, 19 September 1768).
  • Princess Sophie Wilhelmine of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 23 February 1719 – d. 24 November 1723).
  • Prince Karl Ludwig of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 30 October 1721 – d. May 1727).
  • Princess Christine Friederike of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 13 December 1723 – d. within days).
  • Prince Friedrich Ferdinand of Saxe-Meiningen (b. 12 March 1725 – d. 17 June 1725).

In Bad Homburg vor der Höhe on 26 September 1750, Anton Ulrich married Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal, who was forty-three years his junior. They had eight children:

Ancestors

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Biografie Anton Ulrich(German)". Meininger Museen. Archived from the original on 5 January 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen House of Saxe-MeiningenCadet branch of the House of WettinBorn: 22 October 1687 Died: 27 January 1763 Regnal titles Preceded byFriedrich Wilhelm Duke of Saxe-Meiningen 1746–1763 Succeeded byKarl Wilhelm
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Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
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