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|National affiliation||National Consensus Forces|
|International affiliation||Iraqi-led Ba'ath Party|
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The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Region of Sudan (Arabic: حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي - وطن في السودان Ḥizb al-Ba‘th al-‘Arabī al-Ishtirākī - Waṭan fī al-Sūdān), previously known as the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party – Country of Sudan, is a political party in Sudan. The party is the Sudanese regional branch of the Iraqi-led Ba'ath Party in Sudan. While the branch has always been small, accounting for an estimated 1,000 members in 2003, it has been able to have a bigger impact than what its meager membership numbers would suggest, mostly due to Iraqi financing of the branch.
After collaborating with the Arab nationalist Sudanese government for years, the Ba'ath Party broke off relations and became an opposition party in 1990; this would have disturbed Iraq if Sudan had not supported it during the 1991 Gulf crisis. In 1990, the party was composed largely of students who had studied in Ba'athist Iraq. The party, which was small in 1990, was influential in certain sectors, and was opposed to the National Islamic Front and was staunchly secularist. Members have historically been torn between the Ba'ath and other secular party movements, such as the Sudanese Communist Party. Despite Saddam Hussein's amicable relationship with the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation, the body ruling Sudan at the time, the Ba'ath branch was oppressed by the authorities. Later in 1990, 26 Ba'athi military officers were executed in Khartoum after a failed military coup. In 2002, a group led by Mohamad Ali Jadein broke away from the branch and established the independent Sudanese Ba'ath Party, which has no affiliation with either the Iraqi or the Syrian-led Ba'ath Party. The following year, after the 2003 invasion of Iraq, 80 Sudanese Ba'athists were allowed to return to Sudan under the condition that they would stay out of politics.
- "Return Of Sudanese Ba'athists". WikiLeaks. 30 April 2003. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Barltrop, Richard (2010). Darfur and the International Community: The Challenges of Conflict Resolution in Sudan. I.B.Tauris. p. 210. ISBN 978-1-84511-977-5.
- "Sudan And The Arabs: Possibly Step-sisters; Certainly Not Brothers". WikiLeaks. 1 April 1990. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Wide Reactions to Jadein Group Statement by Baathists". Sudan Vision Daily. April 10, 2003. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- Lain, Donald Ray (1989). Dictionary of the African Left: Parties, Movements and Groups. Dartmouth. pp. 58–60. ISBN 1-85521-014-2.
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