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Archival science

Science of storage, registration and preservation of historical data / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Archival science, or archival studies, is the study and theory of building and curating archives, which are collections of documents, recordings and data storage devices.

Various documents curated for readers at the National Archives, UK. Arranged in boxed shelving with glass doors.
Various documents curated for readers at the National Archives, UK

To build and curate an archive, one must acquire and evaluate recorded materials, and be able to access them later. To this end, archival science seeks to improve methods for appraising, storing, preserving, and cataloging recorded materials.[1]

An archival record preserves data that is not intended to change. In order to be of value to society, archives must be trustworthy. Therefore, an archivist has a responsibility to authenticate archival materials, such as historical documents, and to ensure their reliability, integrity, and usability. Archival records must be what they claim to be; accurately represent the activity they were created for; present a coherent picture through an array of content; and be in usable condition in an accessible location.[2]

An archive curator is called an archivist; the curation of an archive is called archive administration.