Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is the ability of an intelligent agent to understand or learn any intellectual task that a human being can.[1][2] It is a primary goal of some artificial intelligence research and a common topic in science fiction and futures studies. AGI is also called strong AI,[3][4][5] full AI,[6] or general intelligent action,[7] although some academic sources reserve the term "strong AI" for computer programs that experience sentience or consciousness.[lower-alpha 1]

Strong AI contrasts with weak AI (or narrow AI),[8][4] which is not intended to have general cognitive abilities; rather, weak AI is any program that is designed to solve exactly one problem. (Academic sources reserve "weak AI" for programs that do not experience consciousness or do not have a mind in the same sense people do.)[lower-alpha 1] A 2020 survey identified 72 active AGI R&D projects spread across 37 countries.[9]