Artificial general intelligence

Hypothetical human-level or stronger AI / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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An artificial general intelligence (AGI) is a hypothetical type of intelligent agent[1] which, if realized, could learn to accomplish any intellectual task that human beings or animals can perform.[2][3] Alternatively, AGI has been defined as an autonomous system that surpasses human capabilities in the majority of economically valuable tasks.[4][dubious ]Creating AGI is a primary goal of some artificial intelligence research and of companies such as OpenAI,[5] DeepMind, and Anthropic. AGI is a common topic in science fiction and futures studies.

The timeline for AGI development remains a subject of ongoing debate among researchers and experts. As of 2023, some argue that it may be possible in years or decades; others maintain it might take a century or longer; and a minority believe it may never be achieved.[6] There is debate on the exact definition of AGI, and regarding whether modern large language models (LLMs) such as GPT-4 are early, incomplete forms of AGI.[7]

Contention exists over the potential for AGI to pose a threat to humanity;[1] for example, OpenAI treats it as an existential risk, while others find the development of AGI to be too remote to present a risk.[8][6][9]

A 2020 survey identified 72 active AGI R&D projects spread across 37 countries.[10]

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