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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster headquartered at the Broadcasting House in London, originally established in 1922 as the British Broadcasting Company and evolved into its current state with its current name on New Year's Day 1927. The oldest and largest local and global broadcaster by stature and by number of employees, it employs over 21,000 staff in total, of whom approximately 17,900 are in public-sector broadcasting.[1][2][3][4][5]

Quick facts: Type, Industry, Predecessor, Founded, Founder...
British Broadcasting Corporation
TypeStatutory corporation with a royal charter
IndustryMass media
PredecessorBritish Broadcasting Company
Founded18 October 1922; 100 years ago (1922-10-18) (as British Broadcasting Company)
1 January 1927; 96 years ago (1927-01-01) (as British Broadcasting Corporation)
FounderHM Government
HeadquartersBroadcasting House, London, England
Area served
Key people
RevenueIncrease £5.330 billion (2022)[1]
Decrease £124 million (2022)[1]
Decrease £206 million (2022)[1]
Total assetsIncrease £3.414 billion (2022)[1]
Number of employees
Decrease 21,281 (2022)[1]
Divisions Edit this at Wikidata

The BBC is established under a royal charter[6] and operates under its agreement with the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport.[7] Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee[8] which is charged to all British households, companies, and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts or watch using iPlayer.[9] The fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament,[10] and is used to fund the BBC's radio, TV, and online services covering the nations and regions of the UK. Since 1 April 2014, it has also funded the BBC World Service (launched in 1932 as the BBC Empire Service), which broadcasts in 28 languages and provides comprehensive TV, radio, and online services in Arabic and Persian.

Around a quarter of the BBC's revenue comes from its commercial subsidiary BBC Studios (formerly BBC Worldwide), which sells BBC programmes and services internationally and also distributes the BBC's international 24-hour English-language news services BBC World News, and from, provided by BBC Global News Ltd. In 2009, the company was awarded the Queen's Award for Enterprise in recognition of its international achievements in business.[11]

Since its formation in 1922, the BBC has played a prominent role in British life and culture.[12] It is colloquially known as the Beeb or Auntie.[13][14]