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Balto-Slavic languages

Branch of the Indo-European language family / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Balto-Slavic languages form a branch of the Indo-European family of languages, traditionally comprising the Baltic and Slavic languages. Baltic and Slavic languages share several linguistic traits not found in any other Indo-European branch,[1] which points to a period of common development and origin.[2]

Quick facts: Balto-Slavic, Ethnicity, Geographic distribut...
Balto-Slavic
Balto-Slavonic
EthnicityBalts and Slavs
Geographic
distribution
Northern Europe, Eastern Europe, Central Europe, Southeast Europe and Northern Asia
Linguistic classificationIndo-European
  • Balto-Slavic
Early form
Proto-languageProto-Balto-Slavic
Subdivisions
Glottologbalt1263
Balto-Slavic.svg
Countries where the national language is:
  Eastern Baltic
  Eastern Slavic
  Southern Slavic
  Western Slavic
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Slavic_languages_tree.svg
Balto-Slavic languages

A Proto-Balto-Slavic language is reconstructable by the comparative method, descending from Proto-Indo-European by means of well-defined sound laws, and from which modern Slavic and Baltic languages descended. One particularly innovative dialect separated from the Balto-Slavic dialect continuum and became ancestral to the Proto-Slavic language, from which all Slavic languages descended.[3]

While the notion of a Balto-Slavic unity was previously contested largely due to political controversies, there is a general consensus among academic specialists in Indo-European linguistics to classify Baltic and Slavic languages into a single branch, with only some minor details of the nature of their relationship remaining in contention.[4]

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