Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:
Can you list the top facts and stats about Battle of Arsuf?
Summarize this article for a 10 years old
The Battle of Arsuf took place on 7 September 1191, as part of the Third Crusade. It saw a multi-national force of Crusaders, led by Richard I of England, defeat a significantly larger army of the Ayyubid Sultanate, led by Saladin.
|Battle of Arsuf|
|Part of the Third Crusade|
19th-century depiction of the battle by French painter Éloi Firmin Féron (1802–1876)
Kingdom of France
Kingdom of Jerusalem
Contingents from other states
|Commanders and leaders|
Richard I, King of England|
Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy
Guy of Lusignan
Garnier de Nablus
Robert IV of Sablé
James of Avesnes †
Henry II, Count of Champagne
Al-Afdal ibn Saladin
Aladdin of Mosul
Musek, Grand Emir of the Kurds †
Al-Muzaffar Taqi al-Din Umar
11,200 (total)||25,000 cavalry|
|Casualties and losses|
|c. 700 killed (est.) (Itinerarium)||c. 7,000 killed (est.) (Itinerarium)|
Following the Crusaders' capture of Acre, Saladin moved to intercept Richard's advancing army just outside of the city of Arsuf (Arsur in Latin) as it moved along the coast from Acre towards Jaffa. In an attempt to disrupt the cohesion of the Crusader army as they mobilized, the Ayyubid force launched a series of harassing attacks that were ultimately unsuccessful at breaking their formation. As the Crusaders crossed the plain to the north of Arsuf, Saladin committed the whole of his army to a pitched battle. The Crusader army maintained a defensive formation as it marched, with Richard awaiting the ideal moment to mount a counterattack. However, after the Knights Hospitaller launched a charge at the Ayyubids, Richard was forced to commit his entire force to support the attack. The Crusader charge broke the Ayyubid army; Richard was able to restrain his cavalry from a rash pursuit, regrouping them to achieve victory.
Following the engagement, the Crusaders secured control over the central coast of Palestine, including the city of Jaffa.