Romance trilogy by Richard Linklater / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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The Before trilogy consists of three American romance films directed by Richard Linklater. Beginning with Before Sunrise (1995), and continuing with two sequels, Before Sunset (2004) and Before Midnight (2013). The first film was co-written by Linklater and Kim Krizan. The second film was written by Linklater, Krizan, Ethan Hawke, and Julie Delpy (with Linklater and Krizan receiving story credit for their work on the sequel ) while the third film was co-written by Linklater, Hawke and Delpy. Hawke and Delpy also star in the trilogy.
|The Before Trilogy|
|Directed by||Richard Linklater|
|Edited by||Sandra Adair|
|Box office||$61.5 million|
The films were distributed by Sony Pictures (under their Columbia and Classics labels for the first and third films) and Warner Bros. Pictures (under its Independent label for the second only), while all three were produced by Castle Rock Entertainment; Before Midnight was also produced by Venture Forth and Linklater's production company, Detour Filmproduction. Set and filmed in nine year intervals, the films chronicle the romantic relationship between Jesse (Hawke) and Céline (Delpy) at three periods of their lives; the characters also make cameo appearances in Linklater's animated anthology film Waking Life (2001). The Before trilogy is followed by a brief documentary titled After Before which unravels the making of Before Midnight.
The films are considered minimal, consisting mostly of monologues and casual conversation with extended dialogue between the characters. Contrasting ideas and perspectives on life and love are detailed, with the series referencing time, self-discovery, age, loss, and parentage; it is considered an exploration of postmodern romance.
The Before trilogy received widespread critical acclaim, nominated for two Academy Awards, two Writers Guild of America Awards, and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Comedy or Musical for Delpy for Before Midnight. The series is also a commercial success, grossing $61.5 million worldwide against a combined budget of $7.5 million. Although discussed by the filmmakers and widely rumored, a fourth film is not in development.