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Bengal tiger

Tiger population on the Indian subcontinent / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Quick facts: Bengal tiger, Scientific classification...
Bengal tiger
Adult male in Kanha Tiger Reserve, India
Adult male in Kanha Tiger Reserve, India
Scientific classificationEdit this classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Pantherinae
Genus: Panthera
Species: P. tigris
Subspecies: P. t. tigris
Population: Bengal tiger
Range of Bengal tiger in red
Range of Bengal tiger in red

The Bengal tiger is a population of the Panthera tigris tigris subspecies and the nominate Tiger subspecies.[1] It ranks among the biggest wild cats alive today.[2][3] It is considered to belong to the world's charismatic megafauna.[4]

The tiger is estimated to have been present in the Indian subcontinent since the Late Pleistocene, for about 12,000 to 16,500 years.[5][6][7] Today, it is threatened by poaching, loss and fragmentation of habitat, and was estimated at comprising fewer than 2,500 wild individuals by 2011. None of the Tiger Conservation Landscapes within its range is considered large enough to support an effective population of more than 250 adult individuals.[8]

The Bengal tiger's historical range covered the Indus River valley until the early 19th century, almost all of India, Pakistan, southern Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and southwestern China. Today, it inhabits India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and southwestern China.[6] India's tiger population was estimated at 2,603–3,346 individuals by 2018.[9] Around 300–500 individuals are estimated in Bangladesh,[8] 355 in Nepal by 2022,[10] and 90 individuals in Bhutan by 2015.[11]