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Brighton (/ˈbrtən/) is a seaside resort and one of the two main areas of the City of Brighton and Hove in the county of East Sussex, England. It is located 47 miles (76 km) south of London.[1]

Quick facts: Brighton, Sovereign state, Constituent countr...
Brighton
City of Brighton and Hove
Clockwise, from top: Brighton seafront looking west from Brighton Palace Pier; the Jubilee Clock Tower; Brighton Palace Pier; the Royal Pavilion; the i360 observation tower
Brighton
Location within East Sussex
Brighton
Location within England
Brighton
Location within the United Kingdom
Brighton
Brighton (Europe)
Coordinates: 50°49′42″N 0°08′22″W
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionSouth East England
Ceremonial countyEast Sussex
Historic countySussex
Unitary authorityBrighton and Hove
Admin HQHove Town Hall
Town charter1313
Incorporated1854
Unitary authority1997
City status2000
Government
  TypeUnitary authority
  Governing bodyBrighton and Hove City Council
  LeaderPhélim Mac Cafferty (Green)
  MayorLizzie Deane
  MPsLloyd Russell-Moyle (Labour, Kemptown)
Caroline Lucas (Green, Pavilion)
Area
  Total31.97 sq mi (82.79 km2)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total290,885 (ranked 45th) (Brighton and Hove pop.)
  Density9,090/sq mi (3,508/km2)
DemonymBrightonian
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode area
Area code01273
ISO 3166-2GB-BNH
ONS code00ML (ONS)
E06000043 (GSS)
OS grid referenceTQ315065
NUTS 3UKJ21
PoliceSussex
FireEast Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
Websitewww.brighton-hove.gov.uk
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Archaeological evidence of settlement in the area dates back to the Bronze Age, Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods. The ancient settlement of "Brighthelmstone" was documented in the Domesday Book (1086). The town's importance grew in the Middle Ages as the Old Town developed, but it languished in the early modern period, affected by foreign attacks, storms, a suffering economy and a declining population. Brighton began to attract more visitors following improved road transport to London and becoming a boarding point for boats travelling to France. The town also developed in popularity as a health resort for sea bathing as a purported cure for illnesses.

In the Georgian era, Brighton developed as a highly fashionable seaside resort, encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent, later King George IV, who spent much time in the town and constructed the Royal Pavilion in the Regency era. Brighton continued to grow as a major centre of tourism following the arrival of the railways in 1841, becoming a popular destination for day-trippers from London. Many of the major attractions were built in the Victorian era, including the Grand Hotel, the Hilton Brighton Metropole, the Palace Pier and the West Pier. The town continued to grow into the 20th century, expanding to incorporate more areas into the town's boundaries before joining Hove to form the unitary authority of Brighton and Hove in 1997, which was granted city status in 2000.[2] Today, Brighton and Hove district has a resident population of about 290,885 and the wider Brighton and Hove conurbation has a population of 474,485 (2011 census).[note 1]

Brighton's location has made it a popular destination for tourists, renowned for its diverse communities, quirky shopping areas, large and vibrant cultural, music and arts scene, and its large LGBT population, leading to its recognition as the "unofficial gay capital of the UK".[3] Brighton has been called the UK's "hippest city"[4] and "the happiest place to live in the UK".[5]

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