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Bristol

City and county in England / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bristol (/ˈbrɪstəl/ ) is a city, unitary authority area and ceremonial county in South West England, the most populous city in the region.[9][10] Built around the River Avon, it is bordered by the ceremonial counties of Gloucestershire to the north and Somerset to the south. The county is the West of England combined authority area, this includes the Greater Bristol area (eleventh most populous urban area in the United Kingdom) and nearby places such as Bath.[5]

Quick facts: Bristol, Sovereign state, Country, Region, Ro...
Bristol
Coat of arms of the City Council
Motto(s): 
Virtute et industria
(With courage and industry)
Bristol is located in Bristol
Bristol
Bristol
Location of city centre within county
Bristol is located in England
Bristol
Bristol
Location within England
Bristol is located in the United Kingdom
Bristol
Bristol
Location within the United Kingdom
Bristol is located in Europe
Bristol
Bristol
Location in Europe
Coordinates: 51°27′13″N 02°35′51″W
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionSouth West
Royal charter1155[1]
County corporate1373
City status by diocese creation1542
Ceremonial county1996
StatusCity, county and unitary authority
Government
  TypeUnitary authority
  Governing bodyBristol City Council
  Admin HQCity Hall, College Green
  ExecutiveLabour
  MayorMarvin Rees (L)
  MPsThangam Debbonaire (L)
Kerry McCarthy (L)
Darren Jones (L)
Karin Smyth (L)
Area
  City and county40 sq mi (110 km2)
Elevation36 ft (11 m)
Population
 (2021)[5]
  City and county472,500[6] (Ranked 10th district and 43rd ceremonial county)
  Density11,000/sq mi (4,248/km2)
  Urban
707,412[7]
  Ethnicity[8]
DemonymBristolian
Time zoneGMT (UTC)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode
Area codes0117, 01275, 01454
ISO 3166 codeGB-BST
GVA2017
 • Total£21.2bn ($26.9bn) (4th)
 • GrowthIncrease 1.6%
 • Per capita£33,700 ($42,800) (4th)
 • GrowthIncrease 3.1%
Websitebristol.gov.uk
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Iron Age hillforts and Roman villas were built near the confluence of the rivers Frome and Avon. Around the beginning of the 11th century, the settlement was known as Brycgstow (Old English: 'the place at the bridge'). Bristol received a royal charter in 1155 and was historically divided between Gloucestershire and Somerset until 1373 when it became a county corporate. From the 13th to the 18th century, Bristol was among the top three English cities, after London, in tax receipts.

A major port, Bristol was a starting place for early voyages of exploration to the New World. On a ship out of Bristol in 1497, John Cabot, a Venetian, became the first European to land on mainland North America. In 1499, William Weston, a Bristol merchant, was the first Englishman to lead an exploration to North America. At the height of the Bristol slave trade, from 1700 to 1807, more than 2,000 slave ships carried an estimated 500,000 people from Africa to slavery in the Americas. The Port of Bristol has since moved from Bristol Harbour in the city centre to the Severn Estuary at Avonmouth and Royal Portbury Dock.

The city's modern economy is built on the creative media, electronics and aerospace industries; the city-centre docks have been redeveloped as cultural and heritage centres. There are a variety of artistic and sporting organisations and venues including the Royal West of England Academy, the Arnolfini, Spike Island, Ashton Gate and the Memorial Stadium. The city has two universities; the University of Bristol and the University of the West of England (UWE Bristol). It is connected to the world by Bristol Airport; to the rest of the Great Britain via Bristol Temple Meads and Bristol Parkway mainline rail stations; by road by both the south-west to West Midlands M5 and the London to South Wales M4 (which connect to the city centre by the Portway and M32).

It was named the best city in Britain in which to live in 2014 and 2017; it won the European Green Capital Award in 2015. The city had the largest circulating community currency in the UK, the Bristol Pound, which was pegged to the pound sterling before it ceased operation in August 2020.

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