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Cinema of the United Kingdom

Overview of the cinema of the United Kingdom / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The United Kingdom has had a significant film industry for over a century. While film production reached an all-time high in 1936,[6] the "golden age" of British cinema is usually thought to have occurred in the 1940s, during which the directors David Lean,[7] Michael Powell,[8] and Carol Reed[9] produced their most critically acclaimed works. Many British actors have accrued critical success and worldwide recognition, such as Audrey Hepburn, Olivia de Havilland, Vivien Leigh, Glynis Johns, Maggie Smith, Laurence Olivier, Michael Caine,[10] Sean Connery,[11] Ian Mckellen, Joan Collins, Judi Dench, Julie Andrews, Daniel Day-Lewis, Gary Oldman, Emma Thompson, Anthony Hopkins and Kate Winslet.[12] Some of the films with the largest ever box office returns have been made in the United Kingdom, including the fourth and fifth highest-grossing film franchises (Harry Potter and James Bond).[13]

Quick facts: Cinema of the United Kingdom , No. of screens...
Cinema of the United Kingdom
No. of screens4,264 (2017)[1]
  Per capita7.3 per 100,000 (2017)[1]
Main distributorsWalt Disney Studios Motion Pictures
Universal Pictures
20th Century Studios
Entertainment One[2]
Produced feature films (2017)[3]
Fictional213 (74.7%)
Animated5 (1.8%)
Documentary66 (23.2%)
Number of admissions (2017)[4]
  Per capita2.9
Gross box office (2017)[5]
Total£1.38 billion
National films£515 million (37.4%)

The identity of the British film industry, particularly as it relates to Hollywood, has often been the subject of debate. Its history has often been affected by attempts to compete with the American industry. The career of the producer Alexander Korda was marked by this objective, the Rank Organisation attempted to do so in the 1940s, and Goldcrest in the 1980s. Numerous British-born directors, including Alfred Hitchcock, Christopher Nolan and Ridley Scott,[14] and performers, such as Charlie Chaplin[15] and Cary Grant, have achieved success primarily through their work in the United States.

In 2009, British films grossed around $2 billion worldwide and achieved a market share of around 7% globally and 17% in the United Kingdom.[16] UK box-office takings totalled £1.1 billion in 2012,[17] with 172.5 million admissions.[18]

The British Film Institute has produced a poll ranking what they consider to be the 100 greatest British films of all time, the BFI Top 100 British films.[19] The annual BAFTA Awards hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts are considered to be the British equivalent of the Academy Awards.[20]

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