Bruno Bettelheim

Austrian-American child psychologist and writer (1903–1990) / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bruno Bettelheim (August 28, 1903 – March 13, 1990) was an Austrian-born psychologist, scholar, public intellectual and writer who spent most of his academic and clinical career in the United States. An early writer on autism, Bettelheim's work focused on the education of emotionally disturbed children, as well as Freudian psychology more generally. In the U.S., he later gained a position as professor at the University of Chicago and director of the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School for Disturbed Children, and after 1973 taught at Stanford University.[2]

Quick facts: Bruno Bettelheim, Born, Died, Nationality, Ci...
Bruno Bettelheim
Born(1904-08-28)August 28, 1904
DiedMarch 13, 1990(1990-03-13) (aged 86)
NationalityAustrian, American (since 1944)
CitizenshipUnited States
Alma materUniversity of Vienna
Known forAutism research
The Uses of Enchantment
Spouse(s)Gina Alstadt (1930–?; divorced)
Gertrude Weinfeld (1941–1984; her death; 3 children)[1]
Scientific career
FieldsChild psychology
InstitutionsUniversity of Chicago
Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School
Stanford University
Doctoral studentsBenjamin Drake Wright

Bettelheim's ideas, which grew out of those of Sigmund Freud, theorized that children with behavioral and emotional disorders were not born that way, and could be treated through extended psychoanalytic therapy, treatment that rejected the use of psychotropic drugs and shock therapy.[3] During the 1960s and 1970s he had an international reputation in such fields as autism, child psychiatry, and psychoanalysis.[4][5]

Some of his work was discredited after his death due to fraudulent academic credentials, allegations of patient abuse, accusations of plagiarism, and lack of oversight by institutions and the psychological community.

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