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Bukhara (// buu-KHAR-ə; Uzbek and Tajik: Бухоро, Romanized: Buxoro, pronounced [buχɒrɒ]; Persian: بخارا) is the seventh-largest city in Uzbekistan, with a population of 280,187 as of 1 January 2020[update], and the capital of Bukhara Region. The mother tongue of the majority of people of Bukhara is the Tajik dialect of the Persian language, although Uzbek is spoken as a second language by most residents.
|Founded||6th century BC|
|First mention||500 AD|
|• Type||City Administration|
|• Hakim (Mayor)||Jamol Nosirov|
|• City||143.0 km2 (55.213 sq mi)|
|• Urban||73.0 km2 (28.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||225 m (738 ft)|
|• Density||2,000/km2 (5,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||GMT +5|
|Area code||(+998) 65|
|Vehicle registration||20 (previous to 2008) |
80-84 (2008 and newer)
|HDI (2018)||0.734 · 5th high|
|Official name||Historic Centre of Bukhara|
|Criteria||ii, iv, vi|
People have inhabited the region around Bukhara for at least five millennia, and the city has existed for half that time. Located on the Silk Road, the city has long served as a center of trade, scholarship, culture, and religion. Bukhara served as the capital of the Samanid Empire, Khanate of Bukhara, and Emirate of Bukhara. It was the birthplace of the scholar Imam Bukhari. The city has been known as "Noble Bukhara" (Bukhārā-ye sharīf). Bukhara has about 140 architectural monuments. UNESCO has listed the historic center of Bukhara (which contains numerous mosques and madrasas) as a World Heritage Site.
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