Municipality in Castile and León, Spain / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Burgos (Spanish: [ˈbuɾɣos]) is a city in Spain located in the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is the capital and most populated municipality of the province of Burgos.
Caput Castellae, camera regia, prima voce et fide
Cabeza de Castilla, cámara real, primera en voz y fidelidad
("Head of Castile, royal chamber, first in voice and fidelity")
|Anthem: Himno a Burgos|
|Coordinates: 42°21′00″N 3°42′24″W|
|Autonomous community||Castile and León|
|Founded by||Diego Rodríguez Porcelos|
|• Mayor||Daniel de la Rosa (PSOE)|
|• Municipality||107.06 km2 (41.34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||865 m (2,838 ft)|
|• Density||1,600/km2 (4,300/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1.642.27/km2 (4.25/sq mi)|
|Distances||122 km (76 mi) to Valladolid|
159 km (99 mi) to Bilbao
244 km (152 mi) to Madrid
618 km (384 mi) to Barcelona
|Rivers||Arlanzón, Vena, Pico, Cardeñadijo|
|Click on the map for a fullscreen view|
Burgos is situated in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, on the confluence of the Arlanzón river tributaries, at the edge of the central plateau. The municipality has a population of about 180,000 inhabitants. The Camino de Santiago runs through Burgos.
Founded in 884 by the second Count of Castile, Diego Rodríguez Porcelos, Burgos soon became the leading city of the embryonic County of Castile. The 11th century chieftain Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (El Cid) had connections with the city: born near Burgos, he was raised and educated there. In a long-lasting decline from the 17th century, Burgos became the headquarters of the Francoist proto-government (1936-1939) following the start of the Spanish Civil War. Declared in 1964 as Pole of Industrial Promotion and in 1969 as Pole of Industrial Development, the city has grown since then in terms of economic activity. At the regional level, Burgos forms part of an economic axis together with the cities of Valladolid and Palencia. In 2008, the international Burgos Airport started to service commercial flights.
The Museum of Human Evolution opened here in 2010. The museum features remains of the first hominins in Europe, who lived in this area 750,000-800,000 years ago. The Cathedral of Burgos is a World Heritage Site. Burgos was selected as the "Spanish Gastronomy Capital" of 2013. In 2015 UNESCO named it "City of Gastronomy", and it has been part of the Creative Cities Network since then.