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Capitol Records

American record label / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Quick facts: Capitol Records, Parent company, Founded, Fou...
Capitol Records
Parent companyUniversal Music Group
FoundedMarch 27, 1942; 81 years ago (1942-03-27) (as Liberty Records)
April 8, 1942; 81 years ago (1942-04-08) (as Capitol Records)
FounderJohnny Mercer
Buddy DeSylva
Glenn Wallichs
Country of originUnited States
LocationHollywood, California

Capitol Records, LLC (known legally as Capitol Records, Inc. until 2007) is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Capitol Music Group imprint. It was founded as the first West Coast-based record label of note in the United States[1] in 1942 by Johnny Mercer, Buddy DeSylva, and Glenn E. Wallichs. Capitol was acquired by British music conglomerate EMI as its North American subsidiary in 1955.[2] EMI was acquired by Universal Music Group in 2012, and was merged with the company a year later, making Capitol and the Capitol Music Group both distributed by UMG. The label's circular headquarters building is a recognized landmark of Hollywood, California.

Both the label itself and its famous building are sometimes referred to as "The House That Nat Built."[3][4] This refers to one of Capitol's most famous artists, Nat King Cole. Capitol is also well known as the U.S. record label of the Beatles, especially during the years of Beatlemania in America from 1964 to 1967.