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Central Commission for Discipline Inspection

Internal control body of the Chinese Communist Party / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI)[note 1] is the highest internal control institution of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), tasked with enforcing internal rules and regulations and combating corruption and malfeasance in the party. Since the vast majority of officials at all levels of government are also Communist Party members, the commission is, in practice, the top anti-corruption body in China.

Quick facts: Information, Secretary, Deputy Secretaries, S...
Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
CCDI headquarters
SecretaryLi Xi
Deputy Secretaries
Secretary-GeneralLi Xinran
Elected byNational Congress of the Chinese Communist Party
Responsible to Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
Seats130 (Commission)
21 (Standing Committee)
Meeting place
41 Ping An Lixi Street,
Xicheng District, Beijing
Quick facts: Central Commission for Discipline Inspection,...
Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
Traditional Chinese中國共產黨中央紀律檢查委員會
Simplified Chinese中国共产党中央纪律检查委员会
Literal meaningChina Communist Party Central Inspection Discipline Commission
Commonly abbreviated as
Traditional Chinese中央紀委
Simplified Chinese中央纪委
Literal meaningCentral Discipline-Commission
Further abbreviated as
Traditional Chinese中紀委
Simplified Chinese中纪委
Literal meaningCentral-Discipline-Commission

The modern commission was established at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee in December 1978. Control systems had existed previously under the name "Central Control Commission" for a brief period in 1927 and again between 1955 and 1968, and under its present name from 1949 to 1955. It was disbanded during the Cultural Revolution in 1969. In 1993, the internal operations of the agency and the government's Ministry of Supervision (MOS) were merged. Although the commission is theoretically independent of the CCP's executive institutions such as the Central Committee and its Politburo, historically, the work of the CCDI has been directed by the party's top leaders. However, beginning with Hu Jintao's term as General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party in November 2002, and especially following Xi Jinping's assumption of the party leadership in November 2012, the CCDI has undergone significant reforms to make it more independent from party operations below the Central Committee.

According to the CCP's Constitution, the members of the CCDI are elected by the National Congress and serve for a term of five years. After the national congress in which it is elected, the CCDI convenes to elect its Secretary, deputy secretaries, secretary general, and Standing Committee. Elected officials must then be endorsed by the Central Committee to take office. The Secretary of the CCDI has, since 1997, been a member of the Politburo Standing Committee and, since 2009, served as the leader of the Central Leading Group for Inspection Work. The current secretary is Li Xi, who took office on 23 October 2022.