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Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus

Historic terminal train station in Mumbai, India / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (officially Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus since 2017, formerly Victoria Terminus, Bombay station code: CSMT (mainline)[3]/ST (suburban)), is a historic railway terminus and UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.[4]

Quick facts: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Former names, A...
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Façade of the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Former names
  • Victoria Terminus
  • Bori Station
Alternative namesChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (official)
General information
Architectural styleIndo-Saracenic Victorian Gothic Revival
AddressFort, Mumbai, Maharashtra, 400001
Town or cityMumbai, Maharashtra
CountryFlag_of_India.svg India
Coordinates18.9398°N 72.8354°E / 18.9398; 72.8354
Construction started1878
CompletedMay 1888; 135 years ago (1888-05)[1]
Cost1,614,000 (US$20,000) (at the time)
now 2,013 million (US$25 million)
ClientCentral Railway
Design and construction
Architect(s)Frederick William Stevens, Axel Haig
EngineerWilson Bell
CriteriaCultural: ii, iv
Inscription2004 (28th Session)
Quick facts: Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, General informa...
Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
Indian_Railways_Suburban_Railway_Logo.svg Indian Railways and Mumbai Suburban Railway station
General information
LocationChhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Area, Fort, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400001
Coordinates18.9398°N 72.8355°E / 18.9398; 72.8355
Owned byIndian Railways
Operated byCentral Railway zone
Line(s)Mumbai–Nagpur–Howrah line

Mumbai–Chennai line

Howrah-Prayagraj-Mumbai line

Mumbai-Ahmednagar railway line via Kalyan was also in planning stage with survey of this project carried out on 1970, 2000, 2014 etc.[2]
Tracks40 (Multiple)
ConnectionsIndian_Railways_Suburban_Railway_Logo.svg Bus interchange
Structure typeAt-grade
Platform levels01
Other information
Station codeCSMT (current)
BB VT CST CSTM (former)
Zone(s) Central Railway zone
Division(s) Mumbai CR
OpenedMay 1853; 170 years ago (1853-05)[1]
RebuiltMay 1888; 135 years ago (1888-05)[1]
Electrified25 kV AC 50 Hz
Previous namesBori Bunder
Victoria Terminus
Mumbai CSMT is located in India
Mumbai CSMT
Mumbai CSMT
Location within India
Mumbai CSMT is located in Mumbai
Mumbai CSMT
Mumbai CSMT
Mumbai CSMT (Mumbai)
Mumbai CSMT is located in Maharashtra
Mumbai CSMT
Mumbai CSMT
Mumbai CSMT (Maharashtra)

The terminus was designed by a British born architectural engineer Frederick William Stevens from an initial design by Axel Haig, in an exuberant Italian Gothic style. Its construction began in 1878, in a location south of the old Bori Bunder railway station,[5] and was completed in 1887, the year marking 50 years of Queen Victoria's rule.

In March 1996 the station name was changed from Victoria Terminus to "Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus" (with station code CST) after Shivaji, the 17th-century warrior king and the first Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire who founded the state in the western Marathi-speaking regions of the Deccan Plateau.[6][7][8]

In 2017, the station was again renamed "Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus" (with code CSMT), where the title Maharaj has literal meaning, "Great king; emperor."[9] Both former initials "VT" and the current, "CST", are also commonly used.[10]

The terminus is the headquarters of India's Central Railway. It is one of the busiest railway stations in India,[11] serving as a terminal for both long-distance and suburban trains with a total number of 18 platforms.