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Chichester Cathedral

Church in West Sussex, United Kingdom / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Chichester Cathedral, formally known as the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity, is the seat of the Anglican Bishop of Chichester. It is located in Chichester, in West Sussex, England. It was founded as a cathedral in 1075, when the seat of the bishop was moved from Selsey.[2]

Quick facts: Chichester Cathedral, Location, Country, Deno...
Chichester Cathedral
Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity
Chichester Cathedral is located in West Sussex
Chichester Cathedral
Chichester Cathedral
GB-WSX 50.8363°N 0.7808°W / 50.8363; -0.7808
LocationChichester, West Sussex
CountryUnited Kingdom
DenominationChurch of England
Previous denominationRoman Catholic
StyleNorman, Gothic
Length408 ft (124 m)[1]
Width157 ft (48 m)[1]
Height61 ft (19 m)[1]
Spire height277 ft (84 m)[1]
ArchbishopJustin Welby
Bishop(s)Martin Warner
DeanStephen Waine
PrecentorJack Dunn
ChancellorDaniel Inman
TreasurerVanessa Baron
Director of musicCharles Harrison
Organist(s)Timothy Ravalde

Chichester Cathedral has fine architecture in both the Norman and the Gothic styles, and has been described by the architectural critic Ian Nairn as "the most typical English Cathedral".[3] Despite this, Chichester has two architectural features that are unique among England's medieval cathedrals—a free-standing medieval bell tower (or campanile) and double aisles.[4] The cathedral contains two rare medieval sculptures, and many modern art works including tapestries, stained glass and sculpture, many of these commissioned by Walter Hussey (Dean, 1955–77).[2]

The city of Chichester, though it retains two main cross streets laid out by the Romans, has always been small enough for the city's entire population to fit inside the cathedral at once, causing Daniel Defoe to comment:

I cannot say much of Chichester, in which, if six or seven good families were removed, there would not be much conversation, except what is to be found among the canons, and the dignitaries of the cathedral.[5]

The spire of Chichester Cathedral, rising above its green copper roof, can be seen for many miles across the flat meadows of West Sussex and is a landmark for sailors, Chichester being the only medieval English cathedral which is visible from the sea.[4][6][lower-alpha 1]