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Second-generation home video game console / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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ColecoVision is a second-generation home video-game console developed by Coleco and launched in North America in August 1982. It was released a year later in Europe by CBS Electronics as the CBS ColecoVision.

Quick facts: Manufacturer, Type, Generation, Release date,...
A ColecoVision unit
A ColecoVision unit
TypeHome video game console
Release date
  • NA: August 1982
  • EU: July 1983
Units sold> 2 million (1982-83)[1]
MediaROM cartridge
CPUZilog Z80
  • 1 KB scratchpad RAM
  • 16 KB video RAM
  • 8 KB ROM
Storage8/16/24/32 KB
GraphicsTMS9928A (NTSC)
TMS9929A (PAL)
Controller input
  • Joystick + numeric keypad
  • Roller Controller
  • Driving Controller
  • Super Action Controller
Best-selling gameDonkey Kong (pack-in)
PredecessorColeco Telstar series (1978)

The console offered a closer experience to more powerful arcade video games compared to competitors such as the Atari 2600 and Intellivision. The initial catalog of twelve games on ROM cartridge included the first home version of Nintendo's Donkey Kong as the pack-in game. Approximately 136 games were published between 1982 and 1984,[2] including Sega's Zaxxon and some ports of lesser known arcade games that found a larger audience on the console, such as Lady Bug, Cosmic Avenger, and Venture.

Coleco released a series of hardware add-ons and special controllers to expand the capabilities of the console. "Expansion Module #1" allowed the system to play Atari 2600 cartridges. A later module converted ColecoVision into the Coleco Adam home computer.

ColecoVision was discontinued in 1985 when Coleco withdrew from the video game market. Coleco had already contemplated shifting focus to their Cabbage Patch Kids success after the costly failure of their Coleco Adam computer.[3]

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