# Conjugacy class

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In mathematics, especially group theory, two elements ${\displaystyle a}$ and ${\displaystyle b}$ of a group are conjugate if there is an element ${\displaystyle g}$ in the group such that ${\displaystyle b=gag^{-1}.}$ This is an equivalence relation whose equivalence classes are called conjugacy classes. In other words, each conjugacy class is closed under ${\displaystyle b=gag^{-1}}$ for all elements ${\displaystyle g}$ in the group.