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Continental Army

Colonial army during the American Revolutionary War / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Continental Army was the army of the United Colonies representing the Thirteen Colonies and later the United States during the American Revolutionary War. It was formed on June 14, 1775 by a resolution passed by the Second Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia after the war's outbreak. The Continental Army was created to coordinate military efforts of the colonies in the war against the British, who sought to maintain control over the American colonies. General George Washington was appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army and maintained this position throughout the war.

Quick facts: Continental Army, Founder, Commander-in-Chief...
Continental Army
FounderSecond Continental Congress
Commander-in-ChiefGeorge Washington
Dates of operationJune 14, 1775 (1775-06-14) – 1783 (1783)
AllegianceThirteen Colonies (1775–1776)
United States (1776–1783)
Size80,000 at peak[1]
OpponentsBritish government, British Army, Hessian mercenaries
Battles and warsAmerican Revolutionary War
Colors  Dark blue

The Continental Army was supplemented by local militias and volunteer troops that were either loyal to individual states or otherwise independent. Most of the Continental Army was disbanded in 1783 after the Treaty of Paris formally ended the war. The Continental Army's 1st and 2nd Regiments went on to form what was to become the Legion of the United States in 1792, which ultimately served as the foundation for the creation of the United States Army.

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