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Council of Chalcedon

Church council held in 451 at Chalcedon / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Council of Chalcedon (/kælˈsdən, ˈkælsɪdɒn/; Latin: Concilium Chalcedonense)[lower-alpha 1] was the fourth ecumenical council of the Christian Church. It was convoked by the Roman emperor Marcian. The council convened in the city of Chalcedon, Bithynia (modern-day Kadıköy, Istanbul, Turkey) from 8 October to 1 November 451 AD.[3] The council was attended by over 520 bishops or their representatives, making it the largest and best-documented of the first seven ecumenical councils.[3] The principal purpose of the council was to re-assert the teachings of the ecumenical Council of Ephesus against the heresies of Eutyches and Nestorius.[4] Such heresies attempted to dismantle and separate Christ's divine nature from his humanity (Nestorianism) and further, to limit Christ as solely divine in nature (Monophysitism).[5]

Quick facts: Council of Chalcedon, Date, Accepted by,...
Council of Chalcedon
Fourth Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon, 1876 painting by Vasily Surikov
Accepted by
Previous council
Council of Ephesus
Next council
Second Council of Constantinople
Convoked byEmperor Marcian of the Eastern Roman Empire
PresidentAnatolius, Patriarch of Constantinople; A board of government officials and senators, led by the patrician Anatolius
AttendanceApprox. 520
TopicsThe judgements issued at the Second Council of Ephesus in 449, the alleged offences of Bishop Dioscorus of Alexandria, the definition of the Godhead and manhood of Christ, many disputes involving particular bishops and sees
Documents and statements
Chalcedonian Creed, 28 canons
Chronological list of ecumenical councils