County town

County's administrative centre in Ireland and Great Britain / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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In Great Britain and Ireland, a county town is the most important town or city in a county. It is usually the location of administrative or judicial functions within a county, and the place where public representatives are elected to parliament. Following the establishment of county councils in England 1889, the headquarters of the new councils were usually established in the county town of each county; however, the concept of a county town pre-dates these councils.

The concept of a county town is ill-defined and unofficial. Some counties in Great Britain have their administrative bodies housed elsewhere. For example, Lancaster is the county town of Lancashire, but the county council is in Preston. Some county towns in Great Britain are no longer within the administrative county because of changes in the county's boundaries. For example, Nottingham is administered by a unitary authority separately from the rest of Nottinghamshire.

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